sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 1r
sri mnan khyad par can 1r

// ston pa gshenb (gshen rab) kyis gsung pa’i sri mnan khyadr (khyad par) can bzhugs+ho //

 ___

The special Vampire-crushing ritual as taught by sTon pa gshen rab

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 1v
sri mnan khyad par can 1v

1. §§ // § //ston pa gshen rab sku la phyag ’tshal lo/ dar sri gnon pa’i cho ga la

2. rdzas bsag pa ni/ mda’ dar g.yang gzhi dkar nag bal mtshon/ sho gcig me long ’bras zan thug pa mar khu’i bog

3. ras rdza lung skes theṃs bye ma’i la dgu/ sde’u dkar nag bcas brtsos sgong pa re ba stag pa/ glang ma zas sna mar

4. chang/; dbal bshos rtse dgu’i dbang skur la sogs bsogs/ gnan pa’i thod pa la/ stag g.yag spyang gsuṃ/ sprel ra

5. khyi gsuṃ; bya sre mong byi ba’i thod pa dgu’o/ ’gal ba dang mnyaṃs la gnan/ thod pa’i dpral bar rdoer (rdo rje) rgya gram bris/

6. ltag pa la g.yuung (g.yung drung) rgya graṃ/ ’tshus pa la khraṃ rgya graṃ bris/ ’graṃ pa de la bon chos rtsis gsuṃ gyis ’ching zer ba bri

 ___ 

Hoṃage to the presence of the Teacher gShen rab. As for the requisites to be collected for the ritual for the cereṃony for the subjugation of the dar Vampire: an arrow with coloured cloths, a black and a white base for the g.yang, coloured wool; a die, a mirror, cooked rice, noodles, a bog ras of melted butter, some “slaty valleys”, a step-ladder, nine passes made of sand, white and black pebbles, balls of wool dyed with madder, birch [wood], willow [wood], different varieties of food, buttered beer, [requireṃents for an initiation] of the nine-pointed dbal bshos [torma]—these should be gathered together. The skulls for the subjugation are the following: tiger, yak and wolf – those three; monkey, goat and dog—those three; bird, weasel and rat—nine in all. The subjugation should be done together with the firebrands. Draw a crossed vajra on the forepart of the skull, a cross of swastikas on the occiput, and a tally-stick cross on the part of the skull between the nose and the eyes (tshus < mtshul pa); write “bind with Bon, Buddhism and divination (rtsis),” those three.

 

Note

Line 6, khram rgya gram, “tally-stick cross”: this may be either a cross with parallel lines, or some other arrangement of crosses such as hatching.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 2r
sri mnan khyad par can 2r

1. §§§ //     §     // ba yin; ling+ga thod pa’i nang la bcug/ shang nas kha ru bcug/ ya kha la stag pa’i

2. byang bu ma kha la glang ma'i byang bu/ de gnyis bar du ling+ga thel du bcug/ ling+ga sngags 'di bskor; //oṃ na sri ni

3. huṃ dza; ni tri ni huṃ dza/ du tri ni huṃ dza/ dun tri ni huṃ dza/ daṃ sri pho mo thaṃd (thams cad) kyis snying la

4. thum hril nan/ yig mgo phyir la bstan la/ daṃ sri pho mo thaṃd (thams cad) kyis kha chings shig/ che sri

5. thaṃd (thams cad) kyis kha chings shig/ chung sri thaṃd (thams cad) kyis=/ nor sri thaṃd (thams cad)=/ god sri=/ phung sri thaṃd (thams cad) kyis=/

 ___

A printed effigy (linga) should be placed inside a skull; insert it into the mouth through the nose. Insert a tablet of birch through the upper teeth, and a tablet of willow wood in the lower teeth, and place the linga completely (thems su) between them. Write the following mantras around the perimeter of the ling ga effigy: om na sri ni hum dza; ni tri ni hum dza/ du tri ni hum dza/ dun tri ni hum dza/ may the hearts of the Word-breaking Vampires, male and female, be firmly pressed down. The tops of the letters should face outwards. [Write the following:] “The mouths of all the male and female Word-breaking Vampires should be bound up, and the mouths of all the Vampires of Adults should be bound up. The mouths of all the Vampires of the Little Ones…(rpt); the mouths of all the Vampires of Cattle …(rpt); the Vampires of Loss…(rpt); …of all the Vampires of Defeat…(rpt);

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 2v
sri mnan khyad par can 2v

1. dur sri thaṃd (thams cad) kyis=/ ma ra ya chings chings nan nan/ ces briso (bris so)/ ling+ga’i spyi bor ōṃ/ snying khar tri/ pung pa g.yas yyon (g.yon)

2. la pung zhes bris/ mchan khung g.yasu (g.yas su) khri/ g.yon du huṃ/ bla la bla dag’domsu (’doms su) rbad zhes bris/ mnan pa'i dus su bsrung ma la gtomr ma (gtor ma)

3. ’bul; lha bro rdung/ gzir mnan legs par bya/ de ltar byas pa’i yon mchod bkris (bkra shis) la zhal gro’o/  //kyai ston pa gshen

4. rab mi bo yis/ sri yi yas dang rdzas bsags ste/ sri dang po zur gsuṃ ’og tu ni/ dkarg (dkar nag)

5. ri mo rgya’i btab/ srin mo gso’ ba ’di ltar gso/ nyon cig dam sri mgo dgu ma/ khyod

6. srin yul mun pa’i gling na mi gdugam (gdug gam)/ rgya mtsho’i nang na mi drang ngam/ (+) sa rim pa dgu’i

7. (+) ’og tu mi ’dugaṃ (’dug gam)/ srin mo nag mo ’dug pa ni/ sa rim pa)

___ 

of all the Tomb Vampires…(rpt); ma ra ya chings chings nan nan/ this is what is to be written. On the crown (spyi bo) of the linga write AUM; on the heart, KHAR TRI; on the right and left shoulders PUNG; in the right armpit KHRI, and in the left HUM; on the limbs (bla < brla) BLA DAG; on the privy parts write RBAD—this is to be written.desc When [the vampire] is being subjugated, tormas should be offered to the protectors, and a sacred dance performed (lha bro brdung); it should be thoroughly pressed down. Doing this will be fortunate and auspicious for the patron and the priest.

 

Kyai! After accumulating all the ritual items and requisites for the vampire [subjugation ritual] of sTon pa gshen rab, for the first vampire [or, as for the vampire, first:] black and while seals should be attached to the bottom of the triangle. The feeding of the srin mo should performed as follows. Listen, Nine-headed Word-breaking Vampires! Are you not in the dark continent, the land of the srin demons? Are you not cold in that ocean? Are you not at the bottom of the nine levels? Black demoness, you who are dwelling there, under the nine levels,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 3r
sri mnan khyad par can 3r

1. §§/     dgu’i ’og shed na/ sri dgu ’khun pa dingse (dings se) ding/ las kyis mun pa thibse (thibs se) thibs/

2. sdug bsngal rgya mtsho me re re/ ’dod chags chu bo rba glong ’khrug/ de la ming dang mtshan gsol

3. ba; srin yul mun pa’i smag rum na/ las kyis mun pa de na gnas/ dmyal ba’i chu tshan de

4. na ’khol/ sdug bsngal ri bo de na lci/ de’i lta bu’i nang shed na/ sri’i pha dang yab kyis mtshan/

5. pha ni yag sha kar ti kar/ sri’i ma dang yuṃ gyis mtshan/ ma ni rigs ngan dug chu ma/ ma’i

6. lus la bu gnyis skyes/ pha’i bu la smonṃ (smon lam) btab/ ma’i bu mo smonṃ (smon lam) btab/ ma’i smon laṃ

___ 

the Nine Vampires moan dings se ding; the darkness of karma masses like clouds thibs se thibs, and the ocean of suffering rolls me re re; the waves of the waters of desire are agitated. What is this called, what is its name? In the dense darkness of the land of the srin demons, there you dwell in the darkness of karma, there the hot water of hell boils, there the mountain of suffering weighs down heavily. In a place such as this was the father of the vampire, named Yag sha kar ti kar, and the mother of the vampire named Low-Caste Poison-Lips. The mother bore two children. The father prayed for a son, and the mother prayed for a daughter.

 

Note

Line 5, rigs ngan dug mchu ma, “Low-Caste Poison-Lips”. At other points in the text the name is given as as rigs ngan dug chu ma, “Low-Caste Poison-Water”.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 3v
sri mnan khyad par can 3v

1. mthu btsan nas/ sri ni byung yang bu mo byung / ltas ngan bu mo ya so can/ khog pas nang

2. nas ya so skyes/ pha’i khros nas thal dong nang du skyur/ ma’i gces nas pang du blangs/ slar

3. la bu mo khyug de byung/ ma’i (rjesu) rjes su gsos pa dang / de la pha’i ming btags pa/ sbas pa’i bu mo thal

4. mdog ma/ de la ṃa’i ṃing btags pa/ khro mo nag mo ro lang ma/ de la ming po’i ming btags pa/

5. bu mo ma gsos legs ma yis/ de la zhang po’i ming btags pa/ srin mo daṃ zur legs ma yin/

6. rgung lo dgu ni lon tsaṃ na/ mi yul gling du ’gro’o zer/ srin mo dam zur legs mo ste/ na

 ___

The mother’s prayer was more powerful, and she bore a vampire, she bore a daughter: an ill-omened daughter with upper teeth, teeth that had grown while she was in her mother’s belly. The father was enraged, and flung her into a pit of ashes. Her mother cared for her, she took her to her bosom, and the girl again quickened and came to life. The mother later looked after her, and the father gave her a name: Ash-coloured Girl who was Buried. The mother gave her a name, Black Raging Woman, Risen Corpse; her brother gave her a name, Lovely Uncared-for Girl. Her maternal uncle (zhang po) gave her a name: Demoness Fine Girl who Shirks her Commitments. When she reached the age of nine, she said, "I shall go to the land of humans". And the Demoness Fine Girl who Shirks her Commitments

 

Notes

Line 5, zhang po, “maternal uncle”: it should be noted that in certain Tibetan areas – such as Mustang – the term zhang po denotes “sister’s husband”. In a society that practised a restricted form of matrilateral cross-cousin marriage the clan of both mother’s brother and sister’s husband would of course be the same.

Line 5, dam zur legs ma, Fine Girl who Shirks her Commitments. The translation is tentative, based on the reading of zur as bzur.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 4r
sri mnan khyad par can 4r

1. chung g.yu’i lan ’tshal can/ dar gos gon pa gcig du rdzus/ //ston pa gshen

2. rab mi bo de/ srin yul gling du mar la byon/ ston pa gshen rab mi bo yang/ dbal gyis khye’u

3. chung gser gyis thor gtsug can/ rta dkar zhon pa gcig tu rdzus/ ston pa yas mas byon pa dang /

4. srin mo mas yar ’ong ba gnyis/ srin yul dug mtsho ’khol ma dang / srin brag nag po ’graṃ

5. bshed nas/ gzur pa med pa’i ’phrang la ’jal/ srin mo’i ston pa ngo ma shes/ ston pa’i srin

6. mo ngos ma bzung / srin mo de’i mchid na re/ dbal gyis khye’u chung zur phud can/ rta dkar zhon

___ 

disguised herself as a young woman wearing a silken robe with turquoise braided into her plaits (lan ’tshal). sTon pa gShen rab mi bo was travelling down to the realm of the srin demons. sTon pa gShen rab mi bo too had disguised himself as Powerful Young Man with the Golden Crown, riding a white horse. sTon pa was travelling down, and the demoness, who was travelling up, met on a trail where it was not possible to make way (gzur ba), at the edge of the boiling Poison Lake of the demon-realm and the black demon-crag. The Demoness did not recognise sTon pa, and sTon pa did not recognise the Demoness. The Demoness said, “Mighty Youth with the Topknot (zur phud), you,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 4v
sri mnan khyad par can 4v

1. pa’i mi dkar khyod/ da nang ’ong ba gang nas ’ong/ do nub ’gro ba gang du ’gro/ pha’i ming la ci

2. skad zer/ ma’i ming la ci skad zer/ khyod rang ming la ci skad zer/ rus pa’i ming la ci skad zer/

3. khyod ni btang pa su’i btang / khyod ni don pa su la don/ bu mo de skad smras pa dang / ston pa gshen

4. rabs zhal na re/ bu mo na chung mdzes gdug khyod/ g.yu yi lan phan mdzes ma can/ da nang

5. yong ba gang nas ’ong / do nub ’gro ba gang du ’gro/ pha’i ming la ci skad zer/ ma’i ming la ci=/

6. khyod rang ming la=/ rus pa’i ming la=/ zhang po ming la=/ ming po’i ming la=/ khyod ni btang pa su’i

___

white rider on your white horse, where have you come from this morning, and where are you going tonight? what is your father’s name? What is your mother’s name? What is your name? What is the name of your bone, your clan? Who was it that sent you? For whom have you come?” So said the girl, and sTon pa gShen rab replied, You, beautiful young woman, you with the beautiful turquoise-braided plaits (lan phran), where have you come from today, where will you go tonight? What is your father’s name? What is your mother’s name? What is your name? What is the name of your bone, your clan? What is the name of your mother’s brother (zhang po)? Who was it

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 5r
sri mnan khyad par can 5r

1. §§/    /btang/; khyod ni don pa su la don// de skad ces ni smras pa dang / srin mo nag mo

2. mchid na re/ nga da nang srin yul mun pa’i gling nas ’ong / do nub mi yul gling du ’gro// pha ni shan

3. pa kar te kar/ ma ni rigs ngan dug mchu ma/ zhang po she’u ru dkar yin/ nga’i rus pa she za yin/

4. btang pa pha ma gnyis kyis btang / don pa skye ’gro yongs la don/ skyes pa pho brgya’i srog la ’jab tu

5. ’gro/ mo brgya’i sri la rku ru ’gro// chung brgya’i bla la ’jab tu ’gro// mi rnaṃs kun la gnod du ’gro/

6. srin mo’i de skad smras pa dang / mi dkar rta dkar zhal na re/ nga da nang ’ong ba gshin yul stod na ’ong /

 ___

that sent you? For whom have you appeared?” So he said. The black demoness said, “I have come this morning from the dark realm of the demons, and tonight I shall go to the realm of humans. My father is the Butcher Kar te kar; my mother is Low-born Poison-lips; my sister’s husband is She’u ru dkar, and my bone, my clan, is She za. As for who sent me, my father and mother it was who sent me; it is for all living beings that I have appeared. I shall snatch (’jab) the lives of a hundred men; I am going to steal the children (sri) of a hundred women; I am going to snatch the souls of a hundred children; I am going to bring harm to all humans.” So said the Demoness. The white rider said, “As for where I am going this morning, I am travelling in the upper realm of the dead,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 5v
sri mnan khyad par can 5v

1. do nub ’gro ba srin yul gling du ’gro// pha ni gshen lha ’od dkar yin; ma ni gshen za brgyan

2. can yin/ nga rang gshenb (gshen rab) mi bo yin/ nga’i rus pa gshen yin no// btang pa pha ma gnyis kyis

3. btang/; don pa phung sri yongs la don// srin pho rigs thaṃd (thams cad) bsod du ’gro// mo rigs thaṃd (thams cad) bzung zhing gnon/

4. chung rigs thaṃd (thams cad) za ru ’gro// bu mo khyod kyang mi btang ngo// gser gyis gri chung ’jur gyis bton// bu

5. mo’i mthong rtsar tsir gyis bzung/ bu mo ma gsos legs mo khyod// tshig gsuṃ smra na drang la smros/

6. goṃs gsuṃ khyod la ’gro dbang med/ de skad ces ni smras pa dang / daṃ sri nag mo had kyis sngangs/ daṃ

___

and tonight I shall go to the realm of the Demons; my father is gShen lha ’od dkar, my mother is gShen za brgyan can, and I myself am gShen rab mi bo. My bone, my clan, is gShen; as for who sent me, it was my father and mother who sent me. It is for all Vampires of Defeat that I have appeared, and I am going to kill all male demons, and I am going to capture and oppress all their womenfolk, and to eat all their children. Nor shall I spare you, girl!” And all at once (’jur gyis) he drew his dagger, and he seized the girl firmly by her chest. “You, Lovely Uncared-for Girl, if you have a few words to say, say them with sincerity; you have no power to go even a few steps.” So he said, and the black Demoness was suddenly terrified;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 6r
sri mnan khyad par can 6r

1. §§/     / sri legs ma mchid na re/ a a da ni ci ma gsungs/ khyed ston pa yin pa ngo ma

2. shes; gshen rab yin pa don ma rtogs// khyed kyis sku la mi sdo’o// ston pa’i rigs la mi rnyog go//

3. ’a bu ma bsad ma bcad na/ ston pa’i ci gsung bka’ la nyan/ gang gsung ngad kyis bka’ mi bcog// nga

4. ni mi yul gling du mi ’gro’o// khyed srin yul gling la ma byon cig/ de skad srin mo’i smra ba dang /

5. ston pa gri chung shub la bcug/ dbal bshos rtse dgu’i byinilabs (byin gyis rlabs)/ ma gsos legs ma tshur gson dang /

6. nga’i a kyang ku re yin/ khyod ni mi bsad mi bcad do// khyod ni nga’i sru mo yin/ nga ni khyod kyi

 ___

and the lovely Word-breaking Vampire said, “Oh, what are you saying? I hadn’t recognised you as sTon pa, I hadn’t realised you were gShen rab. I shall not compete with you; I would not cause trouble to the sTon pa family. If you do not kill or harm me, I shall do whatever you tell me to, I shall not disobey your orders. I shall not go to the realm of humans, and you, do not go to the realm of the demons!” So said the Demoness. Then sTon pa returned his dagger to its sheath, and bestowed the blessing of the Blazing Nine-pointed Torma. “Listen to me, Lovely Uncared-for Girl! I don’t mean it, I’m only joking. I shall not kill you, I shall not harm you. You are my mother’s kin, and I am your

 

Note

Line 5, dbal bshos rtse dgu, “Blazing Nine-pointed Torma”. The torma represents the divinity sTag la me ’bar, who is witness to the covenant between sTon pa gshen rab and the Vampire. In the ritual, the torma stands on a tripod of arrows above the basket containing the palisade (rtsang) and triangular pit in which the Vampire is imprisoned before being killed.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 6v
sri mnan khyad par can 6v

1. tsha’o yin/ khyod kyis rus pa she za yin/ nga’i rus pa gshen yin no// gshen dang she za sru mtshan

2. yin; ’u rang sru mtshan ’phrad pa la/ bsad dang bcad pa ga la srid/ ’u rang gnyis po mched gcig bya/

3. dbal bshos rtse dgu mgo la bzhag/ sna chu thig gsuṃ khang du btang / nga yang srin yul gling du mi ’gro’o/

4. khyod mi yul gling du ma ’gro cig/ nam zhig dus kyis tha ma la/ nga la dgos pa’i dus ’byung na/

5. bos na khyi’i sla bar shog// bzung na lug bas sla bar shog// steg na bal bas yang bar shog// mnan

6. na sa’i non par shog// bzang po de ni chad yin no// ngan pa de ni chad ma yin/ mna’ ni lto ru

 ___

nephew (tsha’o). Your clan is She za, and mine is gShen. gShen and She za are sru and mtshan. At this meeting of ours, of maternal aunt and nephew, how could there be killing or harming? The two of us are mched gcig (? companions? siblings?); let us place the Blazing Nine-pointed Torma on our heads, let us pour (btang) three drops of oath-water (sna chu < mna’ chu) into our bellies (khang < khong). Neither shall I go to the realm of the demons, nor shall you go to the realm of humans. If ever, in the distant future, there is a time when the need arises, if I call you, come more readily than a dog; if I seize you you must be easier to catch than a sheep; if I lift you, may you be lighter than wool; if I tread you down, be more treadable than the earth; [To do] good things is our agreement; [doing] bad things is not in our agreement. Do not 

 

Note

Line 1, sru mtshan (< tshan): for the significance of these terms see the discussion in the Introduction. The translation “maternal aunt and nephew” is tentative, and a case can be made for interpreting them as female and male matrilateral cross-cousins.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 7r
sri mnan khyad par can 7r

1. §§/     / ma za gcig/ nga dang khyod gnyis chad yin no/ dpang po stag la me ’bar bzhu// nga

2. la dgos pa’i dus byung nas/ sru mo ’bod du btang pa na/ khyod ’gyur ba med pa ’ong dgos so// de

3. skad ces ni sṃra ba dang / sru mtshan chad ni so sor bgyes/ der srin ni ’gyur ba med par dang / bos

4. na ’ong ba de ltar ro// mna’ chad gnyis po dgos pa yin/ de ltar dbal bshos rtse dgu’i dbang bskur dang /

5. mar chang su ba byed pa dang / de’i rgyu mtshan de yin no/ ce brjod/ bon ’di ni sri’i rgyab bsten bkral ba’i cho ga zhes

6. bya ste’di skad do/  b+hyo dang po gnaṃ dang sa ru bshos/ de nas lho dang byang du bshos/ de nas nyin dang srib du

 ___

renege on your oath, eating it as you eat food; I and you have a special promise. Let us ask sTag la me ’bar to act as witness. Should the time come when I need you, and I send someone to fetch you, aunt, you must come without deviating.” So he spoke, and the aunt and the nephew had made their respective promises. That is why the vampires (srin mo) are constant and why, if you call them, they come. Both the mna’ and the chad (the internal oath and the details of the agreement) were implemented (dgos pa for bsgos). That is the reason for the consecration of the dBal bshos rtse dgu, and the reason why [people] are received with butter and beer.

 

This next teaching (bon) is called the “ritual for the detatchment of support for the vampire” and this is how it is recited:

 

Bhyo! First, separate (bshos for shos) into sky and earth; then separate into south and north; then separate into sunlight and shade;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 7v
sri mnan khyad par can 7v

1. bshos;; de nas srin dang srid du bshos// gser ri gong ma’i gangs ’tshaṃsu (’tshams su)/ mi srid srid pa’i tho cig

2. la; shel rgong dkar po cig tu srid/ shel gyis mi po dkar po byung/ chibsu (chibs su) shel rta dkor (dkar po) chibs/

3. phyag na shel zhags dkar po bsnaṃs/ snga zhags mda’ ltar ’phen cing/ phyi zhags ’brug ltar ’dril/ gser

4. skyeṃs ser po’i mchod pa ’bul/ g.yu skyeṃs sngon po mchod pa ’bul/ ngan pa sri’i rgyab brten ma

5. mdzad cig/ yang gcig mi srid srid pa’i thog ma la/ gzi’i mi po gcig byung pa/ chibsu (chibs su)

6. gzi rta rkang gsuṃ chibs/ phyag na gzi’i zhags pa thogs/ snga zhags mda’ ltar ’phen cing/ phyi zhags

___ 

then separate into srin and srid; at the boundary of the glaciers of the supreme golden mountains, at the point of being and non-being, a white crystal egg came into being, and a white crystal man appeared. He rode a white crystal horse as his mount, and in his hand he held a white crystal noose. First he flung the noose like an arrow, then the noose wound around like a dragon. (I?) make offerings to you of the yellow libation of turquoise; (I?) make libations to you of the blue libation of turquoise. Do not support the evil vampire! And again, at the very beginning of existence in non-existence, there appeared a man of agate (gzi). As his mount he rode a three-legged horse of gzi, and in his hand he held a noose of gzi. First he flung the noose like an arrow, then

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 8r
sri mnan khyad par can 8r

1. §§/     /sbrul ltar khyug yi/ gser skyeṃs ser po’i mchod pa ’bul/ g.yu skyeṃs sngon po’i mchod

2. pa ’bul/ ngan pa sri’i rgyab brten ma mdzad cig/ yang cig srid pa’i tho cig la/ lcags kyis mi po

3. nag po cig/ chibsu (chibs su) lcags rta rkang gsuṃ chibs/ phyag na lcags kyis mda’ gzhu bsnaṃs/ snga zhags mda’

4. ltar ’phen cing/ phyi zhags sbrul ltar dril yi/ gser skyeṃs ser po mchod pa ’bul/ g.yu skyeṃs sngon

5. po’i mchod pa=/ ngan pa sri yi rgyabrten (rgyab brten) ma mdzad cig/ yang cig srid pa’i tho cig la/ zangs kyis mi

6. po dmar po cig/ chibsu (chibs su) zangs rta dmar po chibs/ phyag na zangs zhags dmar po bsnaṃs/ snga zhags mda’

 ___

the noose slithers like a snake. I make you offerings of the yellow libation of gold, I make you an offering of the blue libation of turquoise. Do not support the evil vampire! And again, at a point of coming into being, a black man of iron, riding a three-legged iron horse as his mount, holding in his hand an iron bow and arrow. First he casts his noose like an arrow, and then it winds like a snake: I offer you the yellow libation of gold, I offer you the blue libation of turquoise. Do not support the evil vampire! And again, at a point of coming into being, a red man of copper, riding a red copper horse as his mount, and holding in his hand a red copper noose. First

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 8v
sri mnan khyad par can 8v

1. ltar ’phen cing / phyi zhags sbrul ltar ’dril yi/ gser skyeṃs ser po mchod pa=/ g.yu skyeṃs sngon po’i mchod

2. pa=; ngan pa sri’i rtyabrten (rgyab brten) ma mdzad gcig/ yang gcig srid pa’i tho gcig la/ phu’o ya bla bdud po

3. bcrug (bcu drug) byung / bu mo ma bla bdud mo bcrug (bcu drug) byung / rtsangng (rtsang gtsang) skyes bu ’khors (’khor bcas) la/ gseerṃs (gser skyems) ser po’i mchod

4. pa=/ g.yu skyeṃs sngon po mchod=; ngan pa sri’i rgyabrten (rgyab brten) ma mdzad gcig/ gser la yton (yon tan) lnga dang

5. ldan; me la bsregs kyang mi tshiggo (tshig go) / sa la sbas kyang sa kyi mi rdulo (rdul lo) / chu la bcug kyang mi khyer ro/

6. rlung la brim kyang mi bskyod do/ shing gis brdung kyang mi chago (chag go) / chang la yton (yon tan) lnga dang ldan/ lce la

___

he casts the noose like an arrow, and then the noose winds like a snake. I offer you the yellow libation of gold, I offer you the blue libation of turquoise. Do not support the evil vampire! And again, at a point of coming into being, there appeared the sixteen Ya bla bdud po brothers, there appeared the sixteen Ma bla bdud mo daughters. To [you], the earth-god rTsang rtsang (or gTsang gtsang) and your retinue of men, I offer the yellow libation of gold, I offer the blue libation of turquoise. Do not support the evil vampire! Gold has five virtues: if it is heated in the fire, it does not burn. If it is buried in the earth it is not turned to dust (? rdul) by the earth; if its placed in water it is not swept away; if it is held out in the wind it is not stirred; if it is beaten with wood it is not broken. Chang has five

 

Note

For a well-known Tibetan eulogy of chang, see Klong chen rab ’byams pa’s Chang gi yon tan a bsngags pa bdud rtsi’i zil mngar ma. In Collected Miscellaneous Writings (gsuṅ thor bu) of Rgyal-ba Kloṅ-chen Rab-’byams-pa. Paro, Bhutan: Lama Ngodrub and Sherap Drimey, 1982, vol. 2, 328.3–331.6.

 

An English translation by Kurtis Schaeffer can be found in Sources of Tibetan Tradition, pp. 474–77.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 9r
sri mnan khyad par can 9r

1. §§/     /reg na skom pa bsel/ khong la song na gzi mdang skyed/ blun po smra ba’i nus

2. pa ldan/ sdar ma dpa’ ba’i stobs dang ldan/ gang gis btung kyang ngar dang ldan/ gseerṃs (gser skyems) bdui^id (bdud rtsi)

3. ’di gsol la/ ngan pa sri’i rgyabrten (rgyab brten) ma mdzad cig/ ces brjod la phud phyogs bzhir gtor/ da sri mnan pa’i

4. cho ga la/ stag.yag (stag g.yag) spyang gsuṃ la sogs pa’i thod pa dgu dang rdzas bsogs te/ gser skyeṃs gtoṃr (gtor ma) mnan pa phyir khyer la mda’ dar

5. bzung la di skad do/ kyai yul la mtshan gsol ba/ mi yul skyi ’thing na/ pha dang yab kyis

6. mtshan; pha ni kha rje dur pa yin/ ma dang yuṃ gyis mtshan/ ma ni kha che thang mo btsun/

 ___

virtues: if it touches the tongue, it quenches thirst; if it enters the body it generates radiance; it gives fools the capacity to speak; it gives cowards heroic strength. Whoever drinks it becomes formidable. Drink the nectar of this golden libation! Do not support the evil vampire! With these words, cast a first-offering to the four directions. For the ritual of subjugating the vampire, collect nine skulls—those of a tiger, yak, and wolf among others—as well as other requisites. Take the libation and the torma for the “crushing” ritual outside and, holding the arrow with the coloured ribbons, say as follows:

 

Kyai! In the land called Mi yul skyi thing, there was a father, and the father’s name was Kha rje dur pa; there was a mother, and the mother’s name was Kha che thang mo.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 9v
sri mnan khyad par can 9v

1. de gnyis srid du gcig sprul pa/ bu mo sman za kyur ma kyur/ de su dang su’i khabsu (khabs su) bzhes/ rgya

2. rje rgyal po’i khabsu (khabs sbzhes/ lo cig lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ mo rang rnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo

3. rang a ma ’ong bar rmis/ khyod kyis bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs nas khyer ste song bar rmis/ bu ru

4. ma sos chung nas shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong nga chag/ rtsi ru ma byung

5. dbyar du skam/ yang lo gnyis lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ mo rang gnyid pa’i rmis laṃ la/ mo

6. rang a che ’ong ba rmis/ khyod kyis bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs na khyer ste song par rmis/ bu ru ma

 ___

and those two produced a child: a daughter, sMan za kyur ma kyur. And who took her as his wife? It was rGya rje rgyal po who took her as his wife. After one year had passed, a son was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her mother came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that mother took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots did not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After two years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her elder sister came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her elder sister] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 10r
sri mnan khyad par can 10r

1. §§/     /sos chung nas shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong ba chag/ rtsi

2. ru ma smin dbyar nas skam/ yang lo gsuṃ lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ mo rang gnyid pa’i rmis laṃ

3. la; mo rang a ne ’ong bar rmis/ khyod kyis bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs nas khyer ste song par rmis/

4. bu ru ma sos chung nas shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong ba chag/ rtsi ru ma smin

5. dbyar nas skam/ yang lo bzhi lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ mo rang gnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo

6. rang sru mo ’ong bar rmis/ khyod kyis bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs nas khyer ste song par rmis/ bu ru

 ___

and died in infancy; it did not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; it did not become a bird, for the egg was broken; it did not become a fruit, but dried in the summer. After three years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her paternal aunt came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that her [paternal aunt] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots did not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After four years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her maternal aunt came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her maternal aunt] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 10v
sri mnan khyad par can 10v

1. ma sos chung nas shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong ba chag/ rtsi ru ma byung dbyar

2. nas skaṃ/ yang lo lnga lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ mo rang gnyis pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo rang nu

3. mo ’ong bar=/ khyod kyi bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs nas khyer ste song par rmis/ bu ru ma sos chung

4. nas shi/ nasu (nas su) ma sṃin srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong ba chag/ rtsi ru mi smin dbyar nas skaṃ/

5. yang lo drug lon pa’i bu=/ mo rang gnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo rang bu mo yong ba rmis/ khyod kyis

6. bu rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs na khyer de song bar rmis/ bu ru ma sos chung nas=/ nasu (nas su) ma sṃin

___ 

and died in infancy; it did not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; it did not become a bird, for the egg was broken; it did not become a fruit, but dried in the summer. After five years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her younger sister came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her younger sister] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, it was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots did not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After six years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her daughter came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her daughter] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, but died in infancy; the shoots did not ripen into barley,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 11r
sri mnan khyad par can 11r

1. §§/     /srug tu zad/ bya ru ma byung sgong ba=/ rtsi ru ma byung dbyar nas=/ yang lo bdun lon

2. ba’i bu gcig=/ mo rang gnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo rang tsha mo ’ong bar=/ khyod kyis bu rdzi ngas

3. byed zer/ nyaṃs na khyer de song bar=/ bu ru ma sos chung du=/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug=/ bya ru ma

4. byung sgong ba=/ rtsi ru ma byung dbyar nas skam/ yang lo brgyad lon pa’i bu gcig=/

5. «   » mo rang gnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo rang kyung mo ’ong bar rmis/ khyod kyi bu

6. rdzi ngas byed zer/ nyaṃs na khyer de song bar rming / bu ru ma gsos chung du shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srug du zad/

 ___

but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After seven years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her tsha mo came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her tsha mo] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After eight years had passed, again a child was born. She had a dream, and dreamed that her kyung mo came. “I shall be the nursemaid of your child,” she said. She dreamed that [her kyung mo] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 11v
sri mnan khyad par can 11v

1. bya ru ma byung sgong ba chag/ rtsi ru ma smin dbyar du bskaṃ/ yang lo dgu lon pa’i bu gcig skyes/ thuṃ thuṃ

2. gnyid pa’i rmi laṃ la/ mo rang khyiṃs tshes rgan mo de’i/ khyod kyis bu rdzi nga byed zer/ nyaṃs na khyer de song

3. par rmi/ bu ru ma gsos chung du shi/ nasu (nas su) ma smin srusu (srus su) zad/ bya ru ma sṃin sgong ba chag/ rtsi ru

4. ma byung dbyar du bskam/ de nas ma dang nyam nang yud tsaṃ la/ ral pa mun nag thibse (thibs se) thibs/ stag

5. thul khra bo gosu (gos su) gon/ gzigis (gzig gis) thige (thig le) bdan du bting/ steng na khyo ltas khyo yang med/ chan du bu ltas

6. bu yang med/ bu dgu pha dgu za ba’i ser mo khyod/ mi yis mthong na ngo re tsha/ sus kyang mthong na skyug

 ___

there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. After nine years had passed, again a child was born. In a dream she had in a light sleep, her neighbour, an old woman, said, “I shall be the nursemaid of your child.” She dreamed that [her elderly neighbour] took the child with her, and left. It was not reared into childhood, and died in infancy; the shoots not ripen into barley, but withered as green grain; there was no bird, for the egg was broken; there was no fruit, for it shrivelled in the summer. Then after dwelling for a short time with her mother, with black matted locks thibs se thibs, she donned a striped tiger-skin and spread out the spotted hide of a leopard as a seat. “There’s no sign of any husband above you, and there’s no sign of any child next to you. You harridan (ser mo), who have devoured your nine children, and your nine husbands, whoever saw you would be ashamed! Whoever saw you would vomit!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 12r
sri mnan khyad par can 12r

1. §§/     /re bro/ rang gis ltas na zhe re ’khrel/ da lta brag phug stong par ’grim/ brag-gis

2. srin mo zhes kyang bya/ da lta g.yen stong kha yangs bskor// mnan pa ci’i thod par mnan/ stag lcaṃ

3. sre mong thod par gnan/ de kyang thub la de’i chod/ de’i ma thub ma chod na/ khyi gu mig ma phyed pa’i

4. thod par gnan/ sri ku gu ’bod kyis ’di ru shog// spyen (spyan ’dren) ’bod pa’i gnas ’di ru/ sri ’di thul la

5. rkyen ’di bsel/ ’du ’du ma ra yā dza dza/ de nas sri ’bod pa la ’di skad do/ bso sru mo ma gsos tshur nyon

6. dang; nga la dgos pa’i dus byung ngo/ sru mo ma nyal yar la longs/ khyod mun pa’i nang la mi skyoṃs (skyos sam)

 ___

If you looked at yourselves you would be ashamed! Now go and wander the empty caves in the crags; you shall be known as the demonesses of the crags; circle the thousand vast (kha yang < kha yan) g.yen realms! To press you down, in what skull are you to be pressed down? You are to be pressed down in the skull of a weasel, the companion of the tiger; you are to be defeated by that, you are to be destroyed by that. If you cannot be overcome thereby, if you cannot be destroyed by that, you are to be pressed down in the skull of a puppy whose eyes have not yet opened. Calling Ho, Vampire! Come here! Here, to this place to which you are invited, subdue these vampires and dispel these obstacles (rkyen bsel = rkyen sel). ’du ’du ma ra yā dza dza. Then, to call the vampire, say as follows: bSo! Uncared-for one, Maternal Aunt, listen to me! The time has come when I need you! Do not sleep, Maternal Aunt, but rise up! Are you not sad there in the darkness?

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 12v
sri mnan khyad par can 12v

1. de na skyo ba’i yar la shog// rgya ṃtsho’i gting nas mi graṃng (grang ngam)/ de na grang na yar la shog// sa riṃs pa

2. dgu’i ’og tu mi lci aṃ/ de na lci na yar la shog// nga’i bod pa’i gnas ’di na/ za ba’i zas tshad

3. ’di na yod// btung ba’i btung tshad ’di na yod// gos ba’i gon tshad ’di na yod// skyo dus dga’ rog

4. ’di na yod// sru mo sa rims pa dgu’i ’og nas ’ong tsam na/ chu srin spir du rdzus la shog// sa

5. rims pa gcigis (gcig gis) steng du thon tsam na/ stag grus mo gcig tu rdzus la shog// gnyisyi (gnyis kyi) steng du

6. thon tsaṃ na/ dom nag gcig tu rdzus la shog/ gsuṃ gyis steng du thon=/ g.yag rog po cig

 ___

Instead of feeling sad there, come up! Are you not cold in the depths of the ocean? If you are cold there, come up! Do you not feel weighed down under the nine levels of the earth? If they are heavy on you, come up! Here, in the place to which I’m calling you, there is as much food as you can eat; there is as much to drink as you wish, and all you would want to wear, and a beloved one for when you are sad. Maternal Aunt, once you have come from beneath the nine-tiered earth, take the form of a sea-sprite and come. When you have emerged onto the first level of the earth, take the form of a stag grus mo and come! Once you have emerged onto the second level of the earth, take the form of a black bear and come! When you have emerged onto the third level, take the form of a black yak and come!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 13r
sri mnan khyad par can 13r

1. §§/     /du rdzus la=/ bzhi’i steng du thon tsam=/ du ra phag tu rdzus la shog/ lnga’i steng du thon

2. tsaṃ=; wa mo kha skya gcig tu=/ drugis (drug gis) steng du thon=/ sri ra rog po gcig du=/ bdun gyis steng du thon=/

3. sdoṃ dang sbur par sdzus=/ brgyad kyis steng du thon=/ sre mong bu ser gcig tu rdzus la shog/ dgu’i steng du

4. thon tsam na/ khyod rang dngosu (dngos su) thon la shog/ ’u rang gnyis kyis chad la shog/ bye ma’i la dgu bgal

5. ste shog/ rdza lung dgu la ’dzul la shog/ gnaṃ la ’brug ’dir nyon la=/ sa la mtsho ’khyil

6. lta ba’i shog/ bar na glog ’gyu lta ba’i=/ gzha’ tshon sna lnga’i sbubs la=/ lho sprin ’thib pa’i

 ___

Once you have emerged onto the fourth, take the form of a du ra pig and come; once you have emerged onto the fifth, take the form of a grey-muzzled fox and come; once you have emerged onto the sixth, take the form of a black vampire-goat and come; once you have emerged onto the seventh, take the form of a spider and an ant and come; once you have emerged onto the eighth, take the form of a yellow-furred (bu = spu?) weasel and come! Once you have emerged onto the ninth, come out as you really are! Come for our special promise. Cross the nine sand passes and come; enter the nine slaty valleys and come; listen to the rumbling of the thunder in the sky and come; see the lake in the earth and come; see the lightning flashing in the sky and come; come into the shelter of this five-coloured rainbow; come under these gathering southern

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 13v
sri mnan khyad par can 13v

1. ’og la=/ dung khyiṃs nang du nyal gyin=/ phye mar ’o kol za ba’i=/ mar chang skyogsu (skyogs su) ’thung gyin=/

2. gser gyis gyad rdo skyur gyin=/ dung gis cho lo rtsis gyin=/ mar khu’i bog ran za gyin=/ bca’

3. bco kraṃ kruṃ cha ba’i shog/ thug pa sno^gs (sna tshogs) ’thung ba’i=/ sgong ba kha med tshol gyin=/ rde’u dkarg (dkar nag)

4. thu ba’i=/ rgyab nas rlung dmar tshub la=/ mdun nas mun nag tshub la=/ gzhals (gzhal yas) dkyilor (dkyil ’khor) lta

5. ba’i=/ gser gyi ri bdun lta ba’i=/ me chu gnyis la lta ba’i=/ ban bon chos la nyan pa’i=/

6. rta nag gcig la zhon la=/ thang nagig (nag gcig) la rgyug la=/ dngul dkar me long lta ba’i=/ glu dbyangs

 ___

clouds; come and sleep in this conch house; come and eat this buttered tsampa with boiled milk; come and drink this buttered chang from the ladle; come, and fling these golden boulders; come and cast these conch-shell dice; come and eat this pat of melted butter; come, chew and munch on this meat; come and drink this rich soup; come and seek this egg, that has no opening; come and select these black and white pebbles; come, with the red storm whirling behind you; come and look at this citadel, this mandala; come and look at the seven golden mountains; come and look at the fire and the water; come and listen to the teachings of the Buddhist and Bonpo priests; come, riding a black horse; come, racing a black eagle; come and look at this mirror of white silver;

 

Note

Line 2, bog ran: the term appears on fol. as bog ras. The fact that at both appearances the text specifies “melted butter” (mar khu) suggests that the term bog ran/bog ras may refer to not to a cloth wrapping (< ’bog ras) but rather to some butter-based delicacy.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 14r
sri mnan khyad par can 14r

1. §§/     /gar stabs bsgyur ba’i=/ sru mtshan gtam lab smra ba’i=/ dang po chad kyis gzhung

2. la shog// de skad ces ni smra ba dang / srin mo nyal ba’i rmi laṃ la/ gnaṃ la ’brug chen ldir ba rmi/

3. sa la mtsho chen ’khyil pa rmi/ bar la glog ltar ’gyu ba rmi/ gzha’o^n (gzha’ ’tshon) lus la bkras pa rmi/

4. gser gyis skas la ’dzeg pa=/ bye ma’i la dgu rgal ba=/ rdza lung dgu la ’dzul ba rmi/ dung

5. khyiṃs nang du nyal ba=/ sprin nag ’og tu ’cho ba=/ dkyilor (dkyil ’khor) gzhals (gzhal yas) ltas pa=/ zhim mngar zas

6. la za ba=/ phye mar ’o kon zas pa/ mar chang skyogs la ’thung ba=/ gser gyis gyad rdo kyur ba=/

 ___

come, singing and dancing; come and chat, as sru and mtshan chat; come to this main text of our original promise.” These words are said, and then: the sleeping demoness had a dream, and dreamed that the great dragon in the sky rumbled as thunder; she dreamed of a great ocean in the earth, and of the lightning flashing in the sky; she dreamed of rainbows shining on her body; she dreamed she was climbing a golden ladder; she dreamed she was crossing the nine sand pases, and entering the nine slate valleys; she dreamed she was sleeping in a conch-shell house; she dreamed that she was floating (’cho ba < ’phyo ba) under a black cloud; she dreamed that she saw the immeasurable mandala [palace]; she dreamed she was eating delicious, sweet things; she dreamed she was eating buttered tsampa with boiled milk; she dreamed she was drinking buttered chang from the ladle; she dreamed she was flinging golden boulders;

 

Note

Line 6, phye mar ’o kon: “buttered tsampa with boiled milk”. On fol. 13v, line 1, the term appears as phye mar ’o kol. Both there and here kol has been read as bkol, “boiled”.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 14v
sri mnan khyad par can 14v

1. dung gis cho lo rtsis ba=/ rdi’u dkar nag thu ba=/ rgyab nas rlung dmar ’tshub pa=/ mdun nas

2. mun nag ’thibs pa=/ gser gyis ri bdun ltas pa=/ me chu gnyis la ltas pa=/ ban bon

3. chos la nyan pa=/ ca co kraṃ kruṃ ’cha’ bar=/ sgong ba kha med tshol ba=/ rta nag cig la zhon=/

4. thang nagcig (nag gcig) la rgyug pa=/ dngul dkar me long ltas ba=/ dga’ rogs mang po ’phrad pa=/ dga’

5. ba’i lha bro khrab pa=/ dga’ ba’i snying gtaṃ smra ba=/ rgya spos dud pa’i bdug pa=/ rmi laṃ ma rming dgu

6. yang rming/ dgu gnyis log po bcyod (bco brgyad) rmi/ rmi laṃ mi ngan rmi laṃ bzang / nang par naṃ langs rgung

 ___

she dreamed she was casting conch-shell dice; she dreamed she was choosing (?) white and black pebbles; she dreamed that a storm was whirling at her back, and that the darkness was gathering in front of her; she dreamed that she saw the seven golden hills; she dreamed that she saw the fire and the water; she dreamed she was listening to the teachings of the Buddhist and Bonpo priests; she dreamed she was chewing, crunching and munching; she dreamed she was looking for eggs, that have no opening; she dreamed she was riding a black horse; she dreamed she was running on a black plain; she dreamed she was looking at a mirror of white silver; she dreamed she met many beloved ones; she dreamed she was dancing a delightful divine dance; she dreamed she was having a delightful intimate conversation; she dreamed of the sweet fragrance of Chinese incence. Nine times did she dream a dream she had never dreamed before; she dreamed it twice nine, eighteen times, not a bad dream, but a sweet dream; the next morning, at the

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 15r
sri mnan khyad par can 15r

1. §§/     /sangs la; srin mo a ma’i drung du phyin/ mdang gsuṃ nyal ba’i rmi laṃ bshad/ mi

2. yul gling du ’gro ba’i zer/ rigs ngan dug mchu zhal na re/ bu mo ma gsos legs ma khyod/

3. skyes kyang bu mo rigs ngan skyes/ sṃra kyang snyan pa ci yang ṃed/ gnaṃ la ’brug chen ldir ba ni/

4. bon po’i lha rnga gsas rnga yin/ sa la mtsho ltar ’khyil ba de/ sri chang skyogs gang ltaṃ pa yin/

5. bar na glog dmar ’khyug pa de/ bon po’i lha bdar gsas bdar yin/ gser gyis skas la ’dzeg

6. pa ste/ sri laṃ skya mor zhugs pa yin/ bye ma’i la dgu rgal ba ste/ sa rim pa dgu’i ’og nas

 ___

break of day, she went to see her demoness mother, and told her the dream she had had while she had been asleep that night. “I’m going to the land of humans,” she said. Low-Caste Poison-Lips) said, “Daughter, Lovely Uncared-for One, though you were born, you were born an outcaste; what you say is not at all pleasant to hear! That thundering of the great dragon in the sky is the lha-drum, the gsas-drum of the Bonpo! What seemed to be a lake in the earth is the ladle filled with vampire-beer; the lightning that flashed red in the sky is the Bonpo invoking the lha and gsas; as for your climbing the golden ladder, that was you entering the pale path of the vampires; as for your crossing the nine sandy passes, you

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 15v
sri mnan khyad par can 15v

1. thon pa yin/ rdza lung dgu la ’dzul ba ste/ sri lung dgu la ’dzul ba yin/ dung khyiṃs nang

2. du nyal ba ste/ khyi thod skya ṃor nyal ba yin/ sprin nag ’og tu nyal ba de/ re ba nago’i (nag po’i)

3. gtuṃ pa yin/ gzha’o^n (gzha’ ’tshon) lus la ’khyil ba ste/ bal mtshon sna lnga’i bcings pa yin/ rgya spos

4. dud pa bdug pa ste/ rdzas ngan dud pa bdug pa yin/ gser gyis gyad rdo kyur pa ste/ ’bras ser

5. gyad rdo kyur pa yin/ phye mar ’o skol za ba de/ rang sha rang gis za ba yin/ mar chang skyogs

6. la ’thung ba ste/ rang khrag rang gis ’thung ba yin/ ca co kraṃ kruṃ ’cha’ ba ste/ rang rus rang gis

 ___

emerged from beneath the nine-tiered earth. As for your entering the nine slaty valleys, you actually entered the nine valleys of the vampire; sleeping inside a conch-shell house, was actually you sleeping inside the pale skull of a dog; sleeping beneath a black cloud was you being wrapped up in a black goathair sack; the rainbow colours that swirled about your body – that was you being bound with wool of five colours; the sweet-smelling Chinese incense – that was the smell of the smoke of the five bad requisites; throwing the golden boulders – that was the casting of the boulders of rice-hail; eating buttered tsampa with boiled milk – that was you eating your own flesh; drinking buttered chang in a ladle – that was you drinking your own blood; chewing, crunching and munching – that was you

 

Note

Lines 4–5: ’bras ser gyad do, “boulders of rice-hail”: possibly a reference to the grains or stones that are thrown as magical missiles (thun) in the course of the ritual.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 16r
sri mnan khyad par can 16r

1. §§/     /mur ba yin/ thug pa sno^gs (sna tshogs) ’thung ba ste/ rgyu ma’i ’gyur dang zhag pa yin/ sgong

2. ba kha ṃed tshol ba de/ rang gis snying kha phye ba yin/ dung gis cho lo rtse ba de/ khyed gnyis phaṃ rgyal

3. rtsod pa yin/ rde’u dkar nag thu ba de/ las dge sdig shan tang rtsis ba yin/ rgyab na rlung dmar

4. tshub pa de/ las kyis rlung gis ded pa yin/ mun nag mdun nas bsu ba de/ srid pa’i mun nag

5. ’thibs pa yin/ dngul dkar me long lta ba de/ lasyi (las kyi) me long lta ba yin/ gzhals (gzhal yas) dkyilor (dkyil ’khor) lta

6. ba de; sri dong zur gsuṃ rko ba yin/ gser gyis ri bdun lta ba de/ ri rab brjid kyis mnan pa yin/

 ___

gnawing your own bones; drinking the soup with many ingredients – that was your intestines being twisted (?) and torn into pieces (zhag pa); looking for the egg that has no opening – that was you opening up your own heart; playing with the conch-shell dice – that was the two of you vying over victory and defeat; choosing (?) the white and black pebbles – that was the calculation of the extent of your virtue or sin; the tempest whirling behind you – that was you being driven by the winds of karma; the darkness that received you – that was the darkness of existence gathering about you; looking into the mirror of white silver – that was you looking into the mirror of your karma; the immeasurable mandala that you saw – that was the triangular vampire pit that will be dug; the seven golden hills you saw – that was Sumeru crushing you with its weight.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 16v
sri mnan khyad par can 16v

1. me chu gnyis la lta ba de/ tsha grang dmyal bar chud pa yin/ bon dang chos la nyan pa de/ rnaṃs

2. smin dge sdig bshad pa yin/ dga’ rogs mang po phrad pa de/ ’u rang ma sṃad dgu po yin/ dga’

3. ba’i bro glu khrab pa ste/ khyod slu ba mkhan gyi slu ba yin/ bu mo rmi laṃ mi bzang rmi laṃ ngan/ song

4. par mi drag bros pa drag/ bros par mi drag yib par drag/ de skad smra nas gab tu bcug/ bu

5. mo daṃ zur legs ma de/ lcags mkhar sgo med nang shed du/ gser sgroṃ nang du nyal du bcug/ de nas sri 

6. gab pa dang ’gugs da pang / bros nas bgugs ’ded la ’di skad do/ //bswo ’byung po las ngan gnod byed khyed/ khyod

 ___

the fire and water you saw – that was you being plunged into the hot and cold hells; the sacred teachings of the Bonpos and Buddhists that you heard – that was an explanation of the ripening of your virtues and sins; your meeting with many dear friends – those were your nine kinswomen; that delightful singing and dancing – that was the enticement of your deceivers! My daughter, that was not a good dream, that was a terrible dream! Rather than go on you should flee; rather than fleeing you should hide!” And with these words she concealed her daughter. She laid her down, her daughter Lovely Girl who Shirks her Commitments, in a doorless iron castle, inside a golden box.

 

Then for the concealment and the fetching of the vampire, and for chasing it back after it has fled, recite as follows: bSwo! Ill-fated, noxious demon!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 17r
sri mnan khyad par can 17r

1. §§/     /kyis ci byas ci bsaṃ yang / khyed kyis bsaṃ pa ye mi ’grub/ de bas mnan pa’i

2. ’og tu nyol/ bdagis (bdag gis) bka’ la ma ’da’ cig/ galte (gal te) bka’ la ’das gyur na/ khyod kyis

3. bros pa’i gnas btsal kyang / nga’i ’od zer shugs kyis ’gugs/ sri naṃkha’i (nam mkha’i) khaṃsu bros nyaṃs ste/ rdzul (rdzu ’phrul)

4. mkha’ (lding) mgo can gyis/ naṃkha’i (nam mkha’i) khaṃs nas sri khug cig/ gangs dkar gdong la sri bros na/

5. seng ge’i mgo can khyod song la/ gangs dkar gdong nas sri khug cig/ g.ya’ ma sngo la sri

6. bros na/ so bya’i mgo can khyod song la/ g.ya’ ma sngo nas sri khug cig/ ri spang ’tshaṃsu (’tshams su)

 ___

whatever you do, and whatever you plan, your intentions will never be fulfilled; rather, lie below what crushes you down; do not deviate from my command! If you do deviate from my command, even if you seek a place to flee to, I shall fetch you back with the force of rays of light; if you consider fleeing to the realm of the sky, the one with the head of the magical sky-soarer will bring you back! If she thinks of fleeing to the realm of the sky, you, O one with the head of the sky-soarer, bring the vampire back from the realm of the sky. If the vampire flees to the face of the white snow-mountain, go, lion-headed one, and fetch her from the face of the white snow-mountain! If the vampire flees to the blue slates, go, cormorant-headed one, and fetch her from the blue slates! If the vampire flees to the edges of the alpine meadows,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 17v
sri mnan khyad par can 17v

1. sri bros na/ sha ba’i ṃgo can khyod song la/ ri spang ’tshaṃs nas sri=/ roṃ po’i rdza la sri bros

2. na; spyang khu’i mgo can khyod=/ rdza’i seb nas sri khug cig/ brag dmar logs la sri bros=/

3. srin bya’i ṃgo can khyod=/ brag dṃar gdong nas sri khug=/ sribs ri nag la sri bros=/ gtuṃ

4. chen doṃ mgo khyod song=/ sribs ri nags nas sri=/ drurod (dur khrod) nags la sri bros=/ wa mo’i

5. mgo can khyod=/ drurod (dur khrod) gnas nas sri=/ rgya mtsho’i gting du sri=/ sraṃ chen gong sngon khyod song=/

6. rgya mtsho’i gting nas=/ sa gzhi dkyil du sri bros=/ phag rgod mgo can khyod=/ sa gzhi’i

 ___

go, deer-headed one, and retrieve her from the alpine pastures! If the vampire flees to the massy clay-slate, go, you with the wolf’s head and fetch her back from the midst of the clay-slates! If the vampire flees to the side of the red cliffs, go, screech owl (srin bya) and bring her back from the face of the red cliffs! If the vampire flees to the dark shaded hillside, go, you with the head of the raging bear, and fetch her from the dark shaded hillside! If the vampire flees to the cemetery forest, go, fox-headed one, and fetch her from the cemetery! If the vampire flees to the bottom of the ocean, go, great otter with the blue gong, and fetch her from the depths of the ocean! If the vampire flees to the centre of the earth, go, you with the head of the wild boar, and

 

Note

Line 5, gong: meaning unknown: “with the blue gong/gang” is a recurrent epithet of the otter in this text.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 18r
sri mnan khyad par can 18r

1. §§/     /dkyil nas sri khug=/ laṃ chen ’og tu sri bros=/ rngaṃ chen dred mong khyod song=/

2. laṃ chen ’og nas sri khug=/ khang gog bseb tu sri bros=/ ’ug pa’i mgo can khyod song=/

3. khang gog bseb nas sri=/ theṃs pa’i ’og tu sri bros=/ khyi’i mgo can khyod=/ theṃs pa’i

4. ’og nas sri khug cig/ thab ka’i ’og tu sri bros na/ g.yagis (g.yag gis) mgo can khyod song la/

5. thab ka’i ’og nas sri khug cig/ sri a g+hu sha rni dza/ da ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ naṃkha’i (nam mkha’i)

6. khaṃsu (khams su) bros nyaṃs na/ naṃkha’i (nam mkha’i) khaṃsu (khams su) sri bros na/ bya khyung thod par sri mnano (mnan no)// shi na sri ngan gar

 ___

retrieve her from the centre of the earth! If the vampire flees beneath the highway, go, fearsome brown bear, and bring her back from beneath the highway! If the vampire flees to the midst of the ruins, go, owl-headed one, and retrieve her from the ruins! If the vampire flees beneath the threshold, go, dog-headed one, and retrieve her from beneath the threshold! If the vampire flees beneath the hearth, go, yak-headed one, and retrieve her from under the hearth! sri aghu sha rni dza. Now the evil vampire had a dream: if she thought about fleeing skyward, if she fled skyward, she will be buried in the skull of the khyung. It matters not where the evil vampire dies,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 18v
sri mnan khyad par can 18v

1. shi shi; brlag na sri ngan gar brlag brlag/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ ri spang ’tshaṃsu (’tshams su) bros nyaṃs

2. na; sha ba rwa bcu’i thod par=/ shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/ brlag na sri ngan gar rlag rlag/ ngan

3. pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ brag dmar logs la bros nyaṃs=/ ’ug pa’i thod par sri mnano (mnan no)/ shi na sri

4. ngan gar shi=/ brlag na sri ngan gar rlag=/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ g.ya’ dang rdza la bros nyaṃs=/

5. g.ya’ dang rdza la bros pa na/ gong gsuṃ rgyug pa’i thod par mnan / shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/

6. brlag na sri ngan gar brlag=/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ sa ghzi’i dkyil du bros nyaṃs na/

___

it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks about fleeing to the boundary of the hills and the meadows, she will be buried in the skull of the ten-tined-antlered deer. If the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she dies; if she is destroyed, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks about fleeing to the red cliff face, she will be buried in an owl’s skull. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing to the slates and the schist, if she flees to the slates and the schist, she will be buried in the skull of a blue sheep. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks about going to the centre of the earth

 

Note

Line 5, TY gong gsum rgyug pa – probably an epithet of the blue sheep, gna’ bo: perhaps “that which runs on the three high places”? See also w24051-/03/581, with Boord’s comment.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 19r
sri mnan khyad par can 19r

1. §§/     /sa gzhi’i dkyil du bros pa na/ dbyi gsa’ ’phar ba’i thod par mnan/ shi na

2. sri ngan gar shi=/ brlag na sri ngan gar brlag=/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ g.ya’ spang ’tshaṃsu (’tshaṃs su) bros

3. nyaṃs na/ g.ya’ spang ’tshaṃsu (’tshams su) bros pa=/ dbyi dang gsa’i thod=/ shi na sri ngan gar shi=/ brlag na sri

4. ngan gar brlag=/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ srib ri nags la bros nyaṃs ste/ srib ri nags la bros

5. pa nas/ doṃ dang dred mong thod par mnan/ shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/ brlag na sri ngan gar brlagg (brlag brlag)/

6. ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la; rgya mtsho’i gting du bros nyaṃs ste/ rgya mtsho’i gting du bros pa nas/ ’gyur

___

If she goes to the centre of the earth, she will be buried in the skull of a lynx or an ounce or a wild dog. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing to the margin of the slates and the meadows, if she flees to the margin of the slates and the meadows, she will be buried in the skull of a lynx or a snow leopard. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing to the forest on the sunless slope, if she flees to the sunless slope, she will be buried in the skull of a black bear or a brown bear. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing to the depths of the ocean, if she flees to the depths of the ocean,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 19v
sri mnan khyad par can 19v

1. sraṃ gong sngon thod par=/ shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/ brlag na sri ngan gar brlagg (brlag brlag)/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ

2. la; rtsig pa’i bseb tu bros nyaṃs te/ rtsig pa bseb tu bros pa=/ byi ba zang ma’i thod par=/ shi

3. na sri ngan gar shi shi/ brlag na sri ngan gar brlagg (brlag brlag)/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ theṃ pa’i ’og tu

4. bros nyaṃs=/ theṃs pa’i ’og tu bros pa=/ mi ’chor g.yagis (g.yag gis) thod par=/ shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/

5. brlag na sri ngan gar brlag=/ ngan pa sri’i rmi laṃ la/ thab ka’i ’og tu bros nyaṃs=/ thab ka’i

6. ’og tu bros pa=/ gu gu khyi’i thod par mnan/ shi na sri ngan gar shi shi/ brlag na sri ngan gar

 ___

she will be buried in the skull of the otter. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing to the midst of the stone walls, if she flees to the midst of the stone walls, she will be buried in the skull of the mouse. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing beneath the doorstep, if she flees beneath the doorstep, she will be buried, with no escape, in the skull of the yak. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed. The evil vampire dreamed: if she thinks of fleeing beneath the stove, if she flees beneath the stove, she will be buried in the skull of a puppy. It doesn’t matter where the evil vampire dies, it doesn’t matter where she is destroyed.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 20r
sri mnan khyad par can 20r

1. §§/   brlag; rnri a ghu sha dza dza/ ’oder (’od zer) thyes’i (thugs rje’i) bkug la gnod byed thaṃd (thams cad) bsten la bstiṃs/ ’di’i skabsu (skabs su) sri mnan

2. pa’i ’phrins (’phrin las) dang/ gze gyad spar gsuṃ bskul ste ’gugso (’gugs so)/ de ni gdaṃ la ’di skad do/ bswo sru mo ma nyal yar la shog//

3. dang po chad pa’i gzhung la shog// mnan rjes chad pa’i don la shog// bu mo ma gsos legs ma

4. khyod; ming nas bos bar mi nyanṃ (nyan naṃ)/ mtshan nas bos na mi btsunṃ (btsun naṃ)/ srog nas drangs na mi tsha’aṃ

5. bden pa’i tshig la mi nyanṃ (nyan naṃ)/ las la ’bras bu smin par ma shesṃ (shes sam)/ khyod srin yul mun pa’i

6. nang du mi gdugṃ (gdug gam)/ mun pa’i nang du snang ba skyo// de ru ma nyal yar la shog// sri dug mtsho’i nang

___ 

rnri a ghu sha dza dza. Summon her with the light-rays of compassion, and infuse all the harmful fores into their receptacle. Set the gze ma, the gyad mo and the spar ma into action and fetch her in. Now bind her, and recite as follows: bSwo! Cousin (sru mo), do not sleep, but rise up! Come in accordance with the covenant that was made in the beginning. Come in order to end even the traces of your suppression! Uncared-for Lovely Girl, when I call you by your name, do you not hear me? When I call you by your name, will you not be compliant? When I pull you by your life-force, doesn’t it sting? Will you not hear the words of truth? Do you not know that the fruits of karma have ripened? Are you not suffering in the dark srin land? Are you not sad in the shadows? Do not sleep there – rise up!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 20v
sri mnan khyad par can 20v

1. du mi sdugṃ (sdug gam)/ de nas drong la yar la shog// sa riṃs pa dgu’i zhabs la mi lci’aṃ/ de nas lci na

2. yar la shog// gzha’^on (gzha’ ’tshon) lnga’i dbusu (dbus su) shog// sprin nag gtibs pa’i ’og tu shog// dung khyiṃs nang du

3. nyal gyin shog// gser gyi skas la ’dzeg gyin shog// bye ma’i la dgu rgal gyin=/ rdza lung dgu

4. la ’dzul la=/ sri zas khaṃsuṃ (khaṃs gsuṃ) za ba’i=/ sri chang hub gsuṃ ’thung ba’i=/ phye mar ’o skol za

5. ba’i shog; mar chang skyogs la ’thung ba’i=/ gser gyis gyad rdo skyur ba’i=/ ca co kraṃ kruṃ ’cha’

6. ba’i=/ mar khu’i bog ran za ba’i=/ thug pa sno^gs (sna tshogs) ’thung ba’i=/ sgong ba kha med tshol ba’i=/

 ___

Are you not suffering in the poison-lake of the vampires? Rise up straight out of there! Do the nine levels of the earth not weigh upon you heavily? If it weighs on you, rise up! Come into the midst of these rainbows; come beneath these dark massing clouds. Come and sleep in this conchshell house; come, climbing this golden ladder/ staircase; cross the nine sandy passes and come! Enter the nine slaty valleys and come! Come and eat this vampire food, abundant as the three worlds! Come and drink this vampire beer in three draughts! Come and eat this buttered tsampa and boiled milk! Come and drink this buttered beer by the ladle! Come, casting golden boulders! Come, crunching and munching! Come and eat this ball of melted butter! Come and drink this soup with many ingredients! Come and seek for this egg, that has no opening!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 21r
sri mnan khyad par can 21r

1. §§/     /gnaṃ la ’brug ldir nyan gyin=/ sa la mtsho ’khyil lta ba’i=/ bar la glog ’gyu

2. lta ba’i shog// dung gi cho lo rtse=/ rde’u dkar nag thu gyin=/ rgyab nas rlung dmar ’tshub la=/ mdun

3. nas mun nag ’thibs la=/ dkyilor (dkyil ’khor) gzhals (gzhal yas) lta ba’i=/ spos dkar dri la snum la=/ zhims

4. dgu zas la za ba’i=/ rta nag gcig la zhon la=/ thang nagcig (nag gcig) la rgyug la=/ dngul dkar me

5. long lta ba’i=/ glu gar rol mo khrab pa’i=/ dga’ ba’i snying gdaṃ lab=/ ’u rang sru mtshan ’phrad du=/

6. dang po chad pa’i gzhung la shog// do nub tsaṃ pa’i dga’ ba med/ do nub tsaṃ pa’i skyid pa med/ do nub

 ___

Come, listen to the thundering of the dragon in the sky, come see these lakes stretching out across the earth, and see the lightning flashing between them! Come and roll the conch-shell dice, come and gather these white and black pebbles, come with the gale at your back, come with the gathering night before you, come and look at this divine citadel, come and inhale this frankincense, come and have this many-tasting food, come astride a black horse, come walking across the dark plain, come and gaze in the silver mirror, come singing and dancing, come and join in a delightful intimate conversation, come to the meeting of sru and mtshan, come according to the original covenant! It’s not just tonight that we’re joyful, it’s not just tonight that we’re happy—come tonight

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 21v
sri mnan khyad par can 21v

1. grogs pa’i gzhung la shog// bka’ la ma ’da’ dam la shog// ces byas la sri bkugo (bkug go)/ da ni thod rabs

2. ’byung ste; srin mo nag mo des/ sri dong nas lan zhuso (zhus {so}) pa’o/ ston pa gshenbs (gshen rabs) tshur gson dang/ ngas ni dri

3. ba btang ba’i tshogs// btang rung mi gnod lha btsan yin/ sngon gyi skal po (dang) la/ sri zhes bya ba

4. ming yang med/ btsan zhes bya ba mtshan yang med/ sri zhes bya ba yod pa na/ dang po pho sri

5. gang nas langs/ pho sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzu/ pho sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ mo sri langs pa gang nas

6. langs; mo sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzu/ mo sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ chung sri langs ba gang nas lang/

 ___

in accordance with our friendship! Do not stray from the word, but come in accordance with your commitment. With these words, perform the summoning of the vampire. Next is the Story of the Skulls, in which the black demoness replied as follows from the vampire-pit: sTon pa gShen rab, hear me! I have a host of questions, but even if I ask them they will cause no harm, since the gods are powerful. At the very beginning of the ages, the very name “vampire” did not exist, even the term “bcan” did not exist. When there were things known as vampires, from where did the male vampire first arise? What form did the male vampire take? How was the male vampire buried? From where did the female vampires first arise? What form did the female vampires take? How was the female vampire buried? From where did the vampires of the little ones arise?

 

Note

Line 4, btsan zhes bya ba: the syllable transliterated here as btsan is not clear, but in the older ms. from which this text was copied, fol. CK/16, the term is clearly bcan. The significance of this is discussed in the introduction.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 22r
sri mnan khyad par can 22r

1. §§/     /chung sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzu/ chung sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ dgra sri lang pa gang du

2. langs; dgra sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzu/ dgra sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ phung sri lang ba gang nas langs/

3. phung sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzu/ phung sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ god sri langs ba gang nas langs/ god

4. sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzus/ god sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ nor sri lang ba gang nas langs/ nor

5. sri rdzu ba ci ru rdzus/ nor sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ dur sri lang ba gang nas langs/ dur sri

6. rdzu ba ci ru rdzus/ dur sri mnan pa gang du mnan/ sri’i mnan lugs ma shes na/ ’a ’bu

 ___

What form did the vampires of the little ones take? Where was the vampire of the little ones buried? From where did the enemy vampire arise? What form did the enemy vampire take? Where was the enemy vampire buried? From where did the vampire of defeat arise? What form did the vampire of defeat take? Where was the vampire of defeat buried? From where did the vampire of loss arise? What form did the vampire of loss take? Where was the vampire of loss buried? From where did the vampire of cattle arise? What form did the vampire of cattle take? Where was the vampire of cattle buried? From where did the vampire of tombs arise? What form did the vampire of tombs take? Where was the vampire of tombs buried? If you don’t know the manner of burying vampires,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 22v
sri mnan khyad par can 22v

1. mnan pa don re chung/ ces zhuso (zhus so) yang zhus pa/ kyai ston pa gshenbs (gshen rabs) zhal nas re/ dam sri nogṃ (nag mo)

2. tshur nyon dang/ sngon gyi bskal pa dang po la/ srin ri nag po’i rtsa ba ru/ sa srin mgo chen bshos

3. pa la; phung sri nag mo spun dgu byung/ ’jigten (’jig rten) khaṃs rnaṃs phung par byas/ de nas skye ba phyi ma la/

4. yul ni e tra rgyal khaṃsu (khams su)/ pha ni shan pa sri chen dang/ ma ni rigs ngan dug chu ma/ bu ni doṃ lag

5. de la skyes/ ’dul ba’i gnyen po khas blangs pas/ ston pa nga’i ’dul bya byas/ khyod kyis rigs ni

6. nga’i shes/ pho sri gangs dkar gdongs nas langs/ rdzu ba g.yag po dkar por rdzu/ mnan pa g.yag

___ 

doing so [is as pointless as] burying caterpillars. This is what she asked repeatedly. Then – hey! - sTon pa gShen rabs said: Black Word-breaking Vampire, hear me! At the very beginning of the world ages, at the root of the black srin mountain, the large-headed srin of the earth coupled, and nine siblings, the black Vampires of Defeat, were born. They caused the realms of the world to be brought low. Then in a later life, in the land of E tra, the father Great Vampire, the Executioner, and the mother, Low-caste Poisoned Water, had a son with the paws of a bear. Since I had promised to perform a subjugation as an antidote, I, the teacher, tamed it: I know your kind. The male vampire rose up from the face of the snow mountain, and it took the form of a white yak.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 23r
sri mnan khyad par can 23r

1. §§/     /ru g.yon par mnan/ gangs dkar gdongsu (gdongs su) mnan pa na/ pho’i pho sri gnon par

2. nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan ste non kyang non/ pho’i pho sri brubo (brub bo) nan/ mo sri rgyal mtsho’i gting

3. nas langs/ rdzu ba khyi mo nag mor rdzu/ khyi’i thod pa’i nang du mnan/ rgya mtsho’i gting (du) mnan

4. pa na; mo’i mo sri gnon par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan la non kyang non/ mo’i mo sri brubo (brub bo)

5. nan; chung sri nyal sa’i ’og nas langs/ rdzu ba phag sbrul khyi ru rdzu/ khyi phag ra lug thod par

6. mnan; nyal sa’i ’og tu mnan pa na/ chung ba’i chung sri non par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan

 ___

And regarding its suppression, I buried it in the left horn of a yak. It is certain that this male vampire, this vampire of the males, was buried. Just as I buried it, so it it should be buried. Just as the male vampire, the vampire of the males, was imprisoned, it should be buried. The female vampire arose from the depths of the ocean, and the form it took was the form of a black bitch. It was buried in the skull of a dog. Once she is buried in the depths of the ocean, it is sure that the female vampire, the vampire of the females, is buried. Just as I buried it, so it should be buried. Just as the female vampire, the vampire of the females, was imprisoned, so it should be buried. The vampire of the little ones arose from beneath the bed; it took the form of a pig, a snake and a dog. It was buried in the skull of a dog, a pig, a goat and a sheep. Once it is buried beneath the bed, it is sure that the vampire of the little ones, is buried. Just as the vampire of the little ones was imprisoned,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 23v
sri mnan khyad par can 23v

1. la non kyang non/ chung gsuṃ chung sri brub po mnan/ dgra sri la rtsas ’og nas langs/ rdzu ba

2. spyang khu sngon por rdzus/ spyang khu sngon po’i thod par mnan/ la rtsas ’og tu mnan pa na/ dgra’i

3. dgra sri gnon par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan la non kyang non/ dgra’i dgra sri brubo (brub bo) nan/ phung

4. sri khyiṃs kyis phugs nas langs/ rdzu ba stag lcaṃ sre mong rdzus/ stag lcaṃ sre mong thod par nan/

5. grogs po phugs sdug mdo ru mnan/ phung ba’i phung sri non par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan la

6. non kyang non/ phung gsuṃ phung sri brubo (brub bo) nan/ dur sri dur gyi ’og nas langs/ rdzu ba wa mo kha

 ___

it should be buried. Just as the vampires of the little ones, the three small ones, were imprisoned, so they should be buried. The Enemy Vampire arose from under a cairn on a pass. The form it took was the form of a grey wolf. It was buried in the skull of a grey wolf. Once it is buried beneath a cairn, it is sure that the Enemy Vampire is buried. Just as I buried it, so it should be buried. Just as the Enemy Vampire, the vampire of the enemies, was imprisoned, so it should be buried. The Vampire of Defeat arose from inside the storeroom of a house. The form it took was the form of a weasel. It was buried in the skull of a weasel, the consort of the tiger, in a gorge with gloomy caves in the lower part of a valley. It is sure that the Vampire of Defeat is buried. Just as I buried it, so it should be buried. Just as the Vampire of Defeat was imprisoned, so it should be buried. The Vampire of Tombs arose from beneath a tomb. The form it took was the form of a fox

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 24r
sri mnan khyad par can 24r

1. §§/     /skyar rdzu/ wa mo kha skya’i thod par=/ dur gyis bseb nas dur sri=/ dur gyi dur sri non

2. par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan la non kyang=/ dur gyis dur sri brubo (brub bo) nan/ phugs sri ra ba’i dkyil

3. nas langs/ rdzu ba dred mong rog por=/ dred mong rog po’i thodr (thod par)=/ ra ba’i dkyil du mnan pa na/

4. phugsyi (phugs kyi) phugs sri non par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan ste non kyang non/ phugs kyis phugs sri

5. brubo (brub bo) nan/ god sri theṃs pa’i ’og nas langs/ rdzu ba bong bu rga par rdzu/ bong bu ga pa’i thod par nan/

6. theṃs pa’i ’og tu mnan pa na/ god kyi god sri gnon par nges/ sri mnan kyang mnan la non kyang

 ___

with a pale muzzle. It was buried in the skull of fox with a pale muzzle, it was buried in a cemetery. It is sure that the Vampire of Tombs is buried. Just as I buried it, so it should be buried. Just as the Vampire of Tombs was imprisoned, so it should be buried. The Cave Vampire (?) rose from the middle of an enclosure. It is sure that the Cave Vampire was buried. Just as I buried it, so it should be buried. Just as the Vampire of Caves was imprisoned, so it should be buried. The Vampire of Loss rose from under the doorstep. The form it took was the form of a donkey with a white forehead. It was buried in the skull of a donkey with a white forehead. It was buried under the doorstep. It is sure that the Vampire of Loss will be defeated. Just as I buried it, so it should be

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 24v
sri mnan khyad par can 24v

1. non;; god kyi god sri brubo (brub bo) nan/ srin mo mnano (mnan no) ma ldang cig/ ces gsungso (gsungs so)/ yang zhus pa (ka)

2. yang srin mo nag mo mchid na re/ ston pa gshen rabs tshur gsan dang/ srin mo thod par mnan

3. pa la; thod pa’i thod rabs bshad du gsol// mi rigs gsuṃ brgya drug cu la/ thod rigs gsuṃ brgya

4. drug cu yod// thod rigs gsuṃ brgya drug cu la/ lding gsuṃ lding ba’i thod gsuṃ yod// grol gsuṃ grol

5. ba’i thod gsuṃ yod// bkra gsuṃ bkra ba’i thod gsuṃ yod// ’dzul gsuṃ ’dzul ba’i thod gsuṃ yod//

6. ’phyo gsuṃ ’phyo ba’i thod gsuṃ yod// mgo la ma gar thod gsuṃ yod// btsal gyi mi bsnyed thod

 ___

buried. Just as the Vampire of Loss was imprisoned, so it should be buried. Demoness, you are buried – do not rise up again. So he said. Again she asked: (ka) The black srin mo again spoke: “sTon pa gShen rabs, hear me! For pressing down the srin mo in a skull, pray, tell us the origin story of skulls! The 360 kinds of people have 360 types of skull. These 360 types of skull comprise: the three hoverers, the three skulls that hover. The three liberators, the three skulls that liberate (intransitive); the three bright (or variegated) skulls, the skulls that are bright; the three sneaking/ creeping skulls; the three gliding/swimming skulls; the three skulls that are not attached to the head; the three skulls that, even if sought, cannot be found.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 25r
sri mnan khyad par can 25r

1. §§/     /gsuṃ yod; mnan du mi ’dod thod gsuṃ yod/ mnan kyang mi non thod gsuṃ yod/

2. mnan pa mi dgos thod gsuṃ yod/ mnan du mi rung thod gsuṃ yod/ med thabs med pa’i thod gsuṃ

3. yod; mnan pa bkris (bkra shis) thod gsuṃ yod/ gnaṃ sa bar gyis thod gsuṃ yod/ thod gsuṃ zer ba gang

4. la zer/ bragis (brag gis) thod pa gang la zer/ g.ya’i thod pa gang la zer/ chu’i thod pa gang la zer/ me’i

5. thod pa gang la zer/ lcagsyi (lcags kyi) thod pa gang la zer/ shing gis thod pa gang la zer/ srin mo’i de skad

6. smras nas zhus/ ces zhuso (zhus so)/ da ni sri mnan man ngag zab mo ni/ kye pho sri ri rabs rtse nas langs/ bar du

 ___

the three skulls that one does not wish to press down; the three skulls that, even if you [try to] press them down, cannot be pressed down; the three skulls that do not need to be pressed down; the three skulls that ought not to be pressed down; the three skulls that are a sine qua non; the three skulls that are auspicious to be pressed down; the three skulls of the sky, the earth and the intervening space; the three skulls of which it is not sure what you are referring to: to what do the “skulls of the cliff” refer? To what do the “skulls of the slates” refer? To what do the skulls of water refer? To what do the skulls of the fire refer? To what do the skulls of iron refer? To what do the skulls of wood refer?” Thus did the demoness address him. And now for the profound teaching/precepts of the suppression of vampires. Hey! The vampire of males arose from the peak of Mt Meru. It was later

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 25v
sri mnan khyad par can 25v

1. ri rabs bskyed na mnan/ tha ma ri rab ’og tu mnan/ mnan pa ci’i thod par mnan/ bdud g.yag

2. rog po’i thod par mnan/ de kyang thub la de’i kyang chod/ mo sri rgya mtsho’i gting nas langs/ bar du rgya

3. mtsho’i gting du mnan/ tha ma rgya mtsho’i ’og tu mnan/ mnan pa ci’i thod par mnan/ btsan

4. rta dmar po’i thod par mnan/ des kyang thub la des kyang chod/ chung sri rtsig pa’i ’graṃ nas langs/ bar

5. du rtsig pa’i ’graṃ du mnan/ tha ma rtsig pa ’og tu mnan/ mnan pa ci’i thod par mnan/ stag

6. lcaṃ sre mong thod par=/ des kyang thub la=/ phung sri drog po’i logs nas langs/ bar du grog po’i logs

 ___

pressed down at the mid-level of the mountain, and finally crushed beneath it. In which skull should it be buried? It should be buried in the skull of the black demon-yak. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The vampire of females rose from the depths of the ocean. It was later pressed down in the ocean’s depths, and finally crushed beneath the ocean. In which skull should it be buried? it should be buried in the skull of a red btsan horse. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The Vampire of the Little Ones rose from the base of the wall. It was later pressed down at the foot of the wall, and finally crushed beneath it. It which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of the weasel, the companion of the tiger. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The Vampire of Defeat arose from the side of a gorge. It was later pressed down at the side of a gorge,

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 26r
sri mnan khyad par can 26r

1. §§/     /la mnan; tha ma laṃ gyis ’og tu mnan/ mnan pa ci’i thod par=/

2. sgo kyi rgya bo’i thod par mnan/ des kyang thub la des kyang=/ dgra sri la rtsas ’og nas langs/

3. bar du la rtsas logs la=/ tha ma la rtsas ’og du=/ mnan pa ci’i thod par=/ spyang khu sngono’i (sngon po’i)

4. thod par=/ des kyang thub la des=/ dur sri dur gyis dkyil nas langs/ bar du dur gyis logs la=/

5. tha ma dur gyis ’og tu=/ mnan pa ci’i thod par=/ du ra phagis (phag gis) thod par=/ des kyang thub la=/

6. god sri them pa’i ’og nas langs/ tha ma theṃs pa’i ’og tu=/ mnan pa ci’i thod par=/ sgo khyi

 ___

and finally buried beneath a trail. In which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of a pale (rgya bo < skya bo?) guard dog. Cut it up, yes destroy it! The enemy vampire rose from beneath a cairn on a pass. It was later pressed down on the side of the cairn, and finally crushed beneath it. And in which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of a grey wolf. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The vampire of tombs rose from the middle of a tomb. It was later pressed down on the side of a tomb, and finally buried beneath the tomb. In which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of the du ra pig. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The Vampire of Loss rose from beneath the doostep. It was finally pressed down under the doorstep. In which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of a

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 26v
sri mnan khyad par can 26v

1. nag po’i thod par=/ des kyang thub la des kyang =/ daṃ sri sa’i ’og nas langs/ tha ma sa’i ’og du

2. mnan;/ mnan pa ci’i thod par mnan/ daṃ sri byi la’i thod par mnan/ des kyang thub la

3. des kyang chod// sri ku gu ’bod kyis ’di ru shog// ’bod pa’i gnas ’dir la ’ur shog// pha khu’i

4. rgan sri thul la shog// ma bu’i byur sri thul la shog// skyes pa’i dar sri thul la=/ byi sba’i

5. chung sri thul=/ sri dgu ’dre bcu thul la=/ dul dul nan ma ra ya dza dza/ de nas ting^in (ting ’dzin) dmigs

6. pa’i legs par bkug la mnan pa ni/ bso lus po mi’i lus po la/ mgo bo g.yag gis mgo bo

 ___

black guard dog. Cut it up, yes, destroy it! The Word-breaking Vampire rose from beneath the earth. It was finally buried beneath the earth. In which skull was it buried? It was buried in the skull of a cat. Cut it up, destroy it! Call the vampire, “Hey, come here! Come at once to the place to which I’m calling you! Come to subdue the old vampire of fathers and their brothers! Come to subdue the byur vampires of mothers and their children. Come to subdue the dar vampires of young men! Come to subdue the mice-vampires, the Vampires of the Little Ones! Come to subdue the nine vampires, the ten demons! (mantras). Then with contemplative visualisation perform the ritual of capturing/summoning. bSo! You, who have the body of a human and the head of a yak;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 27r
sri mnan khyad par can 27r

1. §§/     /can; khyod ni sri’i rgyal po yin/ nga yang pho sri ’dul ba’i rgyal po yin/ khyod

2. drang ngo ’gal ba’i kha la drang/ brubo (brub bo) thod pa’i nang du brub/ brabo (brab bo) nyung dkar thun gyis brab/ sod (sad do) phur

3. pa’i dbal gyis sod/ kha nas mnol tsog lhabse (lhabs se) lhabs/ lag la tsha tsha tha la la/

4. skyon no ’khor lo’i rtsib la skyon/ rdzang ngo srin thod nang du rdzang/ mnano (mnan no) ri rabs ’og tu mnan/

5. lus po mi’i lus po la/ mgo bo wa’i mgo bo can/ khyod kyang mo sri’i rgyal po yin/ nga

6. yang mo sri ’dul ba’i rgyol (rgyal po) yin/ khyod drang ngo ’gal ba’i kha la drang/ rdzang ngo srin dong nang du rdzangs/

 ___

You are the king of the vampires, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires! I shall drag you onto the firebrands! I shall bury you, I shall bury you in a skull; I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed. I shall kill you; I shall kill you with the sharp point of the phur pa. From you mouth will come forth vile impurities, lhabs se lhabs, and your hands will burn, tha la la. I shall break you, I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel; I shall consign you, I shall consign you to the skull designated for srin demons. I shall crush you, I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. With your human body and your head the head of a fox, you are the king of the vampires of females, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires of females. I shall drag you, I shall drag you onto the firebrands. I shall consign you, I shall consign you to the pit of the srin demons.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 27v
sri mnan khyad par can 27v

1. brab nyung dkar thun kyis=/ sad do phur pa’i dbalyis (dbal gyis) sod/ kha nas mnol rtsog lhabse (lhabs se) lhabs/

2. lag nas tsha tsha thal la la/ skyon no ’khoor’i (’khor lo’i) rtsib la=/ brubo (brub bo) srin dong nang du=/ mnann (mnan no) ri

3. rabs ’og tu=/ lus po mi’i lus=/ mgo bo sre mong mgo bo can/ khyod kyang chung sri’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/

4. nga yang chung sri ’dul ba’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ khyod drang ngo ’gal ba’i kha la=/ rdzang ngo sri thod nang du=/ brob (brab bo) nyung

5. dkar thun gyis=/ sad do phur pa’i dbalyi (dbal gyis)=/ kha nas mnol rtsog lhabse (lhabs se) lhabs/ lag na tsha

6. tsha thal la la/ skyon no ’khoor’i (’khor lo’i) rtsib=/ brubo (brub bo) sri dong nang du=/ mnano (mnan no) ri rabs ’og tu=/ lus

 ___

I shall pelt you, I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed. I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of the phur pa. Vile impurities will run from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks will fly from your hands. I shall break you, I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel. I shall crush you, I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. You, with the body of a human and your head, the head of a weasel, you are the king of the vampires of the little ones, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires of the little ones. I shall drag you, I shall drag you into the mouth of the firebrands; I shall consign you, I shall consign you to the skull for the vampires; I shall pelt you, I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed; I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of the phur pa. Vile impurities will run from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks will fly from your hands. I shall break you, I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel. I shall crush you, I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 28r
sri mnan khyad par can 28r

1. §§/     /po mi’i lus po=/ mgo bo bong bu’i mgo bo can/ khyod kyang phung sri’i rgyol (rgyal po) yin/

2. nga yang phung sri ’dul ba’i=/ khyod brang ngo ’gal ba’i kha la=/ rdzang ngo sri dong nang du=/ brabo (brab bo) nyung dkar

3. thun gyis=/ sad do phur pa’i dbalyi (dbal gyi)=/ kha nas mnol rtsog=/ lag na tsha tsha thal=/ skyon

4. no ’khoor’i (’khor lo’i) rtsib la=/ rdzang ngo sri dong nang du rdzang/ mnano (mnan no) ri rabs ’og tu=/ lus po mi’i lus po

5. la; mgo bo khyi’i mgo bo can/ khyod kyang god sri’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ nga yang god sri ’dul=/ khyod drang ngo

6. ’gal ba’i kha la=/ brubo (brub bo) thod pa’i nang du=/ brob (brab bo) nyung dkar thun gyi=/ sad do phur pa’i dbal gyis=/

 ___

You with the body of a man and the head of a donkey, you are the king of the vampires of defeat, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires of defeat. I shall drag you, I shall drag you into the mouth of the firebrands; I shall consign you to the vampire pit; I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed; I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of my dagger; vile impurities shall gush from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks shall fly from your hand. I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel, shall consign you to the vampire pit. I shall bury you beneath Mt Sumeru. You with the body of a human and the head of a dog, you are the king of the vampires of loss, and I am the king of subduers of vampires of loss. I shall drag you, I shall drag you into the mouth of the firebrands; I shall consign you to the vampire pit; I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed; I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of my dagger;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 28v
sri mnan khyad par can 28v

1. kha nas mnol rtsog lhabse (lhabs se)=/ lag na tsha tsha thal=/ skyon no ’khoor’i (’khor lo’i) rtsib la=/ rdzang ngo

2. sri dong nang du=/ mnon (mnan no) ri rab ’og tu mnan/ lus po mi’i lus po=/ mgo bo phagis (phag gis) mgo bo=/

3. khyod kyang dur sri’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ nga yang dur sri ’dul ba’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ khyod drong ngo ’gal ba’i kha la=/ brubo (brub bo)

4. thod pa’i nang du=/ brob (brab bo) nyung dkar thun gyi=/ sad do phur pa’i dbalyis (dbal gyis)=/ kha nas mnol rtsog lhabse (lhabs se)

5. lhab; lag na tsha tsha thal=/ skyon no ’khor lo’i rtsib la=/ rdzong ngo sri dong nang du=/ mnon (mnan no) ri

6. rab ’og tu=/ lus po mi’i lus=/ mgo bo spyang khu’i mgo bo=/ khyod kyang dgra sri’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ nga

 ___

vile impurities shall gush from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks shall fly from your hand. I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel, shall consign you to the vampire pit. I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. You with the body of a human and the head of a pig, you are the king of the vampires of the tombs, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires of tombs. I shall drag you onto the firebrands; I shall bury you, I shall bury you inside a skull; shall pelt you, I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed; I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of my dagger. Vile impurities shall gush from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks shall fly from your hand. I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel, shall consign you to the vampire pit. I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. You, with the body of a man and the head of a wolf, you are the king of the enemy vampires and I am the king of the

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 29r
sri mnan khyad par can 29r

1. §§/     /yang dgra sri ’dul ba’i rgyol (rgyal po)=/ khyod drang ngo ’gal ba’i kha la=/ rdzang ngo thod pa’i nang

2. du=/ brob (brab bo) nyungr (nyung dkar) thun gyi=/ sad do phur pa’i=/ kha nas mnol rtsog lhabse (lhabs se)=/ lag na tsha tsha=/

3. skyon no ’khoro’i rtsib la=/ rdzong ngo sri dong nang=/ mnon (mnan no) ri rab ’og tu=/ sri ni ’bod kyi ’di ru shog/

4. tsan rangng skyon la ’di ru shog// thod pa dung khang dkar po’i nang du nyol// khyod la bros pa’i sa med kyis/

5. phyogs bzhi ’tshaṃs brgyad steng ’og nas/ ma rig dug lnga spyad pa’i rnaṃs smin gyis/ ralri (ral gri) chu tshan

6. chu bo dang/ ro nyag ’daṃ dong nag po dang/ me ma mur gyi ’ob chen dang/ rlung dmar mun nag

 ___

vile impurities shall gush from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks shall fly from your hand. I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel, shall consign you to the vampire pit. I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. You with the body of a human and the head of a pig, you are the king of the vampires of the tombs, and I am the king of the subduers of the vampires of tombs. I shall drag you onto the firebrands; I shall bury you, I shall bury you inside a skull; shall pelt you, I shall pelt you with missiles of white mustardseed; I shall kill you, I shall kill you with the sharp point of my dagger. Vile impurities shall gush from your mouth, lhabs se lhabs, and sparks shall fly from your hand. I shall break you on the spokes of the wheel, shall consign you to the vampire pit. I shall crush you beneath Mt Sumeru. You, with the body of a man and the head of a wolf, you are the king of the enemy vampires and I am the king of the

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 29v
sri mnan khyad par can 29v

1. ’thib nas ni/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus med do/ sri ’di mnan la can ’di thul/ pha khu’i rgan

2. sri thul/ ma nu’i byur sri thul/ byis pa chung sri thul/ sdang pa’i dgra sri thul/ gnod pa’i bgegs

3. sri thul/ sri nan thuṃ nan/ staṃ pa ya nan/ pho bdud ’byung po nan/ ma bdud byur ’dre nan/

4. daṃ sri spun dgu nan/ dri bo gri mo nan/ chung sri kha dmar=/ byi sba’i gdon chen bco lnga=/ the’u

5. rang spun dgu=/ ngan dgu dug bcu=/ bsaṃ pa mi grub byed pa=/ gnod byed stong gis rigsu (rigs su) gyur pa

6. thaṃd (thams cad) ma ra ya nan/ stam pa ya nan/ mnan pa yin pa’i ma ldang cig/ bcad pa yin pas

 ___

Press down this vampire, subdue this can! Subdue the Vampires of the Elders associated the male line; subdue the byur vampires associated with the female line. Subdue the Vampires of the Little Ones associated with infants. Subdue harmful Obstructor Vampires; press the vampires down firmly, suppress them! Suppress the ’byung po, the bdud demons of males; suppress the byur ’dre, the bdud demons of females; suppress the nine Word-breaking Vampire siblings; suppress the demons of bad death for males and those for females; suppress the red-mouthed Vampire of the Little Ones; suppress the fifteen great harmers of the byi sba (?); suppress the nine the’u rang siblings; suppress the nine evil ones and the ten noxious (dug < gdug) ones; suppress those that prevent our wishes from being fulfilled; may all the thousand of those that harm us be destroyed! Suppress them! Now that you have been crushed down, do not rise again!

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 30r
sri mnan khyad par can 30r

1. §§/     /ma skye cig/ skal pa stong du ma ldang cig/ ces ma ldang gcig/ kha rdoe (rdo rje) rgya graṃ ’dra ba’i bcad/

2. steng du bro brdungs/ rjesu bsngo ba smonṃ (smon lam) mi dmigs pa’i rgya’i btab/ byis ba de dbugs lhab lheb pa shi na/ mal gyi sngasu sbas/ skad

3. thon ma thon la shi na/ mal du sba/ cog thub ma thub) la shi na/ mal ’og tu sbas/ gog thal thum la shi na/ ra’i

4. them ’og tu sbas/ ’gros phrang phreng la shi na/ lha khang gis theṃs par sba/ pho rgyug mdo rgyug la shi na/ phal ba’i laṃ rgya

5. graṃ du mnan/ //ōṃ so ma ni da’ ri dza ni ma ha bra ma ra sa re swahwa/ bso ōṃ ling wan sman

6. la khri ra sa la nyu ru nyu ru/ pu ru pu ru/ dza dza la rag sha rag sha bra ma ha swahwa/ rien (rin chen) sna lnga sman bhir

 ___

Now that you have been destroyed, do not be reborn! Do not rise again for a thousand world-ages! Say “Do not rise”, and close the mouth [of the pit] with the image of a crossed vajra, and perform a dance on top of it. Then (or as part of the concluding ritual) say a prayer for the transfer of merit and impose the seal of a non-conceptual state. If the infant has died after drawing faltering breaths, bury [the ritual items] beneath the pillow. If it died without uttering a sound, bury them below the [mother’s] bed. If if died before it was able to sit up, bury it beneath the [mother’s] bed. If it died by suffocating in ash, bury them at the threshold of an enclosure. It it died when it was just able to walk, bury them at the threshold of a shrine. If it died when it was able to run up and down, bury them at the crossroads of a public way. (mantras.) Recite the following mantras over [a compound of] the five precious items and bher hu medicine,

 

Note

Line 5, rin chen sna lnga, “five precious items”: usually gold, silver, copper, iron and shatse

 

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 30v
sri mnan khyad par can 30v

1. hu la sngags ste/ lus la ’chang na sri la thar bar gyuro// ; bkrol sngags bzlaso (bzlas so)// e ka ya ma shig shig khrol khrol// ni

2. ra ya ma shigig (shig shig) khrool (khrol khrol)// ki la ya ma=/ gshien (gshin rje)=/ ma mo ya ma=/ gza’ ya=/ dge

3. bsnyen ya ma=/ bdud ya ma=/ btsan ya ma shig shig khrol khrol// ces tshar cig ’don/ dge’o/ bkris/

4. ;/ yang ston pa’i thod rabs gsungso/ (ka) //yang ston pa gshenbs (gshen rabs) zhal na re/ srin mo nag mo tshur

5. nyon dang/ nan dang sri can ’dul ba la/ mi rigs suṃ brgya drug bcu la/ thod rigs suṃ brgya drug cu

6. yod/ lding gsuṃ lding gi thod pa ste/ rgod klag khyung gis thod pa yin/ bkra gsum bkra ba’i

 ___

and if you affix this to your body you will not fall prey to vampires. Then recite this mantra that liberates: (mantra follows.) Recite it once. Virtue and blessings.

 

Then repeat the Teacher’s recounting of the origin-story of the skulls. (KA) sTon pa gshen rabs again said, “Black demoness, hear me! To perform the rite of pressing down, and of the subjugation of the sri can, the 360 kinds of people have 360 kinds of skulls. The three hoverers, the three skulls that hover: these are the skulls of the vulture, the eagle and the khyung; the three bright ones, the three bright

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 31r
sri mnan khyad par can 31r

1. §§/     /thod pa de/ stagzig (stag gzig) gung gsuṃ thod pa yin/ ’dzul gsuṃ ’dzul ba’i thod pa de/ wa

2. spyang ’phar ba’i thod pa yin/ ’phyo gsuṃ ’phyo ba’i thod pa de/ nya sraṃ chruin (chu srin) thod pa yin/ mgo la

3. ma gon thod gsuṃ de/ rus sbal dung dang skya mo’i thod pa=/ brtsal gyis mi snyed thod gsuṃ de/ ’brug

4. dang seng ge spir dang gsuṃ/ rtsal gyi mi snyed thod gsuṃ yin/ mnan du mi rung thod gsuṃ ni/ rab byung

5. btsun pa rgyol (rgyal po) dang/ sha rgyal rwa bcu’i thod pa yin/ mnan pa’i mi non thod gsuṃ de/ sngags pa nag

6. po’i thod pa dang/ zhang blon gra ma’i thod pa dang/ bya khyung ka ru’i thod pa gsuṃ/ mnan kyang mi non thod

 ___

skulls: these are the skulls of the tiger, the leopard and the snow leopard (gung). The three prowlers, the skulls that prowl: these are the skulls of the fox, the wolf and the wild dog; the three swimmers, the skulls of the three that swim: these are the fish, the otter and the crocodile; the three skulls that are not worn on the head: these are the tortoise, the conch and the snail (? skya mo TY). The three skulls that may be sought but are never found: these are the skulls of the dragon, the snow lion and the spir these are the three skulls that may be sought but are never found. The three skulls that may not be pressed down: these are the skulls of a fully-ordained monk, a king and a stag with ten-tined antlers, king of the deer. The skulls that you may try but fail to press down: these are the skulls of a tantrist, a minister (zhang blong gra ma) and a horned khyung (bya khyung ka ru) – these are the skulls that you may try but will fail to press down.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 31v
sri mnan khyad par can 31v

1. gsuṃ=/ mnan pa mi dgos thod gsuṃ de/ rgya mo dar ma’i thod pa cig/ mon pa nag po’i thod pa gnyis/

2. mgar ba nag po’i thod gsuṃ/ mnan pa mi dgos thod gsuṃ yin/ mnan pa’i non pa thod gsuṃ ni/

3. gri’o dar ma’i thod pa dang/ mdze po nag po’i thod pa dang/ rab chad nag po’i thod pa gsuṃ/ mnan

4. pa’i non pa thod gsuṃ yin/ mnan pa bkra shis thod pa ni/ gu gu khyi’i thod pa dang/ du ra phag gis thod

5. pa dang; sri ra rgya mo’i thod pa gsuṃ/ mnan pa bkra shis thod gsuṃ yin/ de’i nang du sri mnan no/ sri

6. can mnan no ma ldang cig/ gnaṃ gyis thod pa zer ba de/ go’o glad dkar thod pa yin/ sa’i thod pa

___

The three skulls that do not need to be pressed down: first, the skull a young Chinese woman in her prime; second, the skull of a dark-skinned southerner; and third, the skull of a dark-skinned blacksmith – these are the three skulls that do not need to be pressed down. The three skulls that cause one to be crushed when they are crushed (check): the skull of a young man who had died an untimely death; the skull of a black (nag po) leper, and the skull of an inauspicious (nag po) individual with no progeny – these are the three skulls that crush whoever tries to crush them. The three skulls that it is auspicious to crush: the skull of a gu gu puppy; the skull of the du ra pig, and the skull of a bearded sri goat – these are the three skulls that it is auspicious to press down, and it is in these that vampires are to be buried. Press down the vampire, do not rise again! The so-called “skull of the sky”: this is the skull of the pale-headed lammergeier; the so-called

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 32r
sri mnan khyad par can 32r

1. §§/     /zer ba de/ sa byi sngon mo’i thod pa yin/ bar snang thod pa zer ba de/ glog lcam

2. dmar mo’i thod pa yin/ chu’i thod pa zer ba de/ kyur sraṃ nya’i thod pa yin/ bragis (brag gis?) thod pa zer ba

3. de; gla ba go ba’i thod pa yin/ shing gis thod pa zer ba de/ shing byi sngon mo’i thod pa yin/ srin mo

4. mnon (mnan no) ma ldang cig/ srin mo spun dgu bya ba de/ thod pa dgu’i nang du mnan/ skal pa dgu dang

5. bcas te mnan/ srin mo mnon (mnan no) ma ldang cig/ ces thod rabs bshad do/ Z lingka bri ba’i zin ris ni/ de nas shi

6. gshed kyis lingga bri thabs/ pho shing pho la bri/ mo shing la mo sri bri/ gri gshed ni skyer pa la bris/ shing byang sor bzhi shing gting bzlog

 ___

“skull of the earth”: this is the skull of the grey mole; the so-called “skull of the intervening space”: this is the skull of the [bird called?] “red consort of lightning”; the so-called “skull of the water”: this is the skull of the water-dwelling otter; the so-called “skull of the crags”: this is the skull of the musk deer; the so-called “skull of wood”: this is the skull of the grey wood mouse; crush down the demoness! Do not rise up! The so-called nine srin mo demoness siblings: they are to be buried in the nine skulls; they should be buried together with the nine firebrands (skal pa < ’gal ba?). Crush down the demoness! Do not rise up! This is how the origin account of the skulls is recited. The procedure for drawing the linga. Then, the method of drawing the linga of the killer-fiend of the dead. Use male wood to do the drawing in the case of a man, and female wood on which to do the drawing in the event of a vampire of the females. In the case of a killer-fiend of bad death, use barberry wood for the drawing. The wooden tablet should be four sor in height, and it should be inverted.

 

Note

Line 6, pho shing...mo shing, “male wood...female wood”: certain varieties of tree are considered to be male and others as female. The varieties of wood most emblematic of the genders are, respectively, birch and willow.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 32v
sri mnan khyad par can 32v

1. la; khyi khrag gis bris/ bris thabs man ngag rnaṃs ’dul bon thugs la gsal/ u ya; gsang rgya/ § / de nas ting^in (ting ’dzin) dmigs

2. pa’i leg par bkugs la/ mnan pa ni/ bso nyon cig daṃ sri nag mo nyon/ nga sngon kyang sri’i gnya’ non

3. yin; da yang sri’i gnya’ non byed/ gnon pa’i mi non gang yang med/ mnan pa’i ’chi bdag bdud

4. kyang non/ bzung ba’i mi bzung gang yang med/ bzung ba’i skyi ser rlung yang bzung/ khyod ri rabs chen

5. po’i ’og du mnan/ mnon (mnan no) bcad do ma ldang cig/ skal pa stong du ma ldang cig/ laṃ chen rgya graṃ

6 ’og tu mnan/ mnon (mnan no) bcad do ma ldang cig/ skal pa stong du=/ mchod rten chen po’i ’og tu=/

 ___

Do the drawing with dog’s blood. The officiating priest should have a clear knowledge of the instructions for making the drawing. Secrecy; the seal of secrecy. Then, in your contemplative visualisation, summon the vampire with due care. Now, the rite of “pressing down”. bSwo! Listen, evil vampire, hear me! I was the one who trampled the necks of the vampires, and I still am! There is nothing that I cannot suppress. If I perform an act of suppression, then I can crush even the demonic lord of death. If I wish to seize something, there is nothing I cannot seize; If I wish to seize something, I can even seize the gale (kyi ser). I shall press you down under Mt Meru; I shall crush you and destroy you – do not rise again! Do not rise for a thousand world ages! I shall bury you beneath a crossroads; I shall crush you and destroy you – do not rise again! Do not rise for a thousand world ages! I shall bury you beneath a stupa;

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 33r
sri mnan khyad par can 33r

1. §§/     /mnon (mnan no) bcad do ma ldang cig/ skal pa stong du ma=/ lha khang chen po’i ’og tu mnan/

2. mnon (mnan no) bcad do ma=/ skal pa stong du=/ ya ma bya ba’i daṃ sri ’di/ bzung ngaṃ de ni mi bzung na/ lcakyu (lcags kyu)

3. ’bar ba’i snying nas bzung/ lcakyu (lcags kyu) stong gis bskor la bzhag/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus mtha’ med/

4. skal pa stong du=/ bcings ngam de ni mi bcings na/ bal tshon sna lnga’i zhag pa’i bcings/ zhag

5. pa stong gi bskor la bzhag/ nam yang thar pa’i dus mtha’ med/ skal pa stong du ma ldang cig/ bdugṃ (bdug gam)

6. de ni mi bdug na/ gu gul sbyar pa’i dud pas bdugs/ rdzas ngan stong gis bskor la bzhag/ naṃ

 ___

I shall crush you and destroy you – do not rise again! Do not rise for a thousand world ages! I shall bury you beneath a great temple; I shall crush you and destroy you – do not rise again! Do not rise for a thousand world ages! The Word-breaking Vampire named Ya ma; is he to be seized or not? I shall grab him by the heart with the blazing iron hook. I shall surround him with a thousand hooks and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! Is he to be bound or not? I shall bind him with nooses made of the wool of five colours. I shall wind him in a thousand nooses and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! He is surely to be fumigated. I shall fumigate him with the smoke of frankincense. I shall surround him with a thousand evil ingredients and keep him.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 33v
sri mnan khyad par can 33v

1. yang thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa stong du ma=/ skyon nam de ni mi skyon na/ ’khoor (’khor lo) ’bar ba’i rtsib la

2. skyon; ’bar ba stong gi skor la=/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa stong du ma=/ brdung ngam de ni mi

3. brdung na/ rdoe (rdo rje) ’bar ba’i tho bas brdung/ rdoe (rdo rje) stong gi bskor la=/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa pa stong=/

4. rdzong ngaṃ de ni mi rdzong na/ gnyan chen thod pa’i nang du rdzong/ thod pa stong gi bskor la bzhag/ naṃ yang

5. thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa stong du ma=/ kyur (< skyur) raṃ de ni mi kyur na/ rgya mtsho chen po’i nang du kyur/ rol

6. mtsho stong gi bskor la bzhag/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus mtha’=/ skal pa stong du=/ mnanṃ (mnan nam) de ni

 ___

I shall surround him with a thousand evil ingredients and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! Shall I set him [on the wheel] or not? I shall set him on the wheel with blazing spokes; I shall surround him with a thousand fires and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! He is surely to be beaten: I shall beat him with an adamantine hammer. I shall surround him with a thousand thunderbolts and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! He is certainly to be consigned [to prison]; I shall imprison him within an awesome skull. I shall surround him with a thousand skulls and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! He is surely to be cast down. I shall cast him into a mighty ocean. I shall surround him with a thousand oceans and leave him there. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! He is surely to be pressed down.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 34r
sri mnan khyad par can 34r

1. §§/     /mi mnan na/ ri rabs chen po’i ’og du=/ gser gyis ri brgyas bskor la=/ naṃ yang

2. thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa stong du=/ ya ma bya ba’i daṃ sri ’di/ gtadṃ (gtad dam) de ni mi gtad na/ shan pa dmarg (dmar nag)

3. lag tu gtad/ gri thod stong gis bskor la=/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus=/ skal pa stong du=/ ya ma bya ba’i

4. daṃ sri ’di/ stobs bam de ni mi stob na/ khro tshogs ’bar ba’i zhal du bstab/ srungs ma stong gi bskor

5. la bzhag/ naṃ yang thar pa’i dus mtha’ med/ skal pa stong du ma ldang cig/ naṃ zhig dus kyis tha

6. ma la; thang ma me sgron zhal lta zhing / nga yi ’khor gyi daṃ pa bgyis/ ston pa’i bka’ la nyan par

 ___

I shall press him down beneath mighty Mt Meru. I shall surround him with a hundred golden hills and keep him. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! This Word-breaking Vampire called Ya ma, he is surely to be placed in charge. I shall place him in the charge of the red and black executioners. He shall be surrounded by a thousand knives and skulls. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! This Word-breaking Vampire known as Ya ma, he is surely to be flung in. I shall fling him into the maw of the blazing wrathful ones. He shall be surrounded with a thousand protectors and held. He shall not be freed for all eternity. Do not rise for a thousand world ages! One day, at the end of time, you shall see the face of [the future Buddha] Thang ma me sgron, and you shall be the greatest of my disciples.

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 34v
sri mnan khyad par can 34v

1. shog/ srin mnan pa’i ’og nas ma ’phar cig/ bcad pa’i ’phro la ma skye cig/ a nan/ yang

2. nan; raṃ nan/ mang nan/ khang nan/ bruṃ nan/ sri ngan ma ra ya nan nan/ ’di’i bca’ thabs la/ sri dong

3. nog (nag po) dpang mtho ’doṃ pa gang la bzos pa/ nang du srin mo’i gzugs dgu’aṃ gcig byas la bzhag/ mdun du zas dang rdzas bkraṃs/ lingka thod pa’aṃ bris

4. dang thod pa sprad la sri dong du lingka bsdus la/ sri ’bod dus mdun bsu ba dang dbal bshos kyis dbangr (dbang bskur?)/ mnan dus ’gar ba dang gzugs dang khyi

5. thod nang du lingka bsdus la sri dong nang du mnan/ kha la ri rabs bzhag/ de nas mchroedn (mchod rten) lha khang them ’og du mnon (mnan no)/ sri mnan rdzogs

6. so/ bkris (bkra shis)/ dge’o/ zhuso (zhus so)/

___  

May you obey the Teacher’s command. Srin demon, now that you have been buried do not rise again. Now that you have been destroyed, do not be reborn. (mantras.) As regards the ritual procedure for this: dig a black vampire-pit a fathom deep. Make either one or nine images of the srin mo demoness and put them in there. Arrange food and ritual ingredients in front of it. The linga should be attached to the skull or the drawing should be attached to the skull and the linga should be put into the vampire pit (? sentence not clear). When the vampire is called, it should be received in front and should be brought under [the officiant’s] power (dbangr = dbang bar) / empowered (dbangr = dbang bskur) with the dbal bshos torma. When the rite of pressing down is performed, gather up the firebrands and the effigy and the dog skull containing the lingka and bury them in the vampire pit. Place [the model of] Mt Meru on top; and then bury them beneath the threshold of a stupa or a temple. The ritual for the crushing down of vampires is finished. Blessings and virtue.

 

Note

Line 4, dbangr: it is not clear what this contraction represents. The meaning is uncertain. Perhaps: “bring them into contact (sprad)”?

sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 35r
sri mnan khyad par can 35r
sri mnan khyad ...
sri mnan khyad par can 35v
sri mnan khyad par can 35v